Chapter 4 - Ideology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 - Ideology Deck (33):
1

Define the term ideology

The coherent set of ideas and beliefs that guides a party's actions

2

What is the traditional ideology of the Labour Party?

Socialist

3

Define the term policy

The proposed or actual strategy aimed at addressing a particular issue

4

Order the political spectrum from left to right in terms of ideology

Communism, Socialism, Liberalism, Conservatism, Fascism

5

Define the term political spectrum

A device by which different political standpoints can be mapped relating to one another

6

Define authoritarian

Any approach that favours strict rule and obedience to the state

7

Define Libertarian

Any approach that favours civil rights above the authority of the state. Society is believed to operate best with minimum state interference

8

Define Paternalism

Where power and authority are held centrally, ,but the state acts benevolently, caring for the neediest

9

Define One Nation Conservatism

Rooted in pragmatism with belief in gradual improvement. Favoured pluralism and social inclusion. Paternalist

10

Define Conservatism

A loose ideology focusing on maintaining the status quo 'evolution not revolution'

11

Define Monetarism

An economic theory advocating controlling the money supply as a means of keeping inflation in check

12

Define Adversarial Politics

The instinctive antagonism between the main Westminster parties. First used by S.E. Finer

13

What was the Postwar Consensus?

An agreement between the Labour and Conservative parties to have broadly similar policies concerning domestic and foreign affairs. Co-operation over Keynesian economics and the welfare state.

14

Define Keynesian Economics

A mixed economy

15

Explain Neo-Liberalism

A political ideology closely linked to classical liberalism, focusing on the free market, individual rights and limited government

16

Define Thatcherism

Neo-Liberal ideas, conservative and traditional approach to social policy. Deregulation in business, privatization, limits on TU, 'rolling back the frontiers', limited welfare, sovereignty emphasis. Dogmatic

17

Name the 3 broad ideological strands in the Conservative Party

One nation, Thatcherites, Post Thatcherites

18

EGs of One Nation Conservatives

Kenneth Clarke, Nicholas Soames

19

EGs of Thatcherites

John Redwood, Liam Fox, (David Cameron)

20

EGs of Post Thatcherites

Boris Johnson, Ian Duncan-Smith

21

Define Socialism

A political ideology advocating greater equality and redistribution of wealth

22

Distinguish between revisionist/reformist socialism and revolutionary socialism

Revisionist: Improve capitalism,
Revolutionary: Remove capitalism

23

Define Social Democracy

A political ideology that accepts capitalism while advocating a more equitable distribution of wealth

24

When was the Labour Party constitution?

1918

25

Which Labour leader produced one of the party's most left wing manifestos ever, dubbed 'the longest suicide note in history' by Gerald Kaufman?

Michael Foot

26

Define New Labour

The new, central, catch all party brought about by Blair in 1997, with less powerful TUs, characterized by triangulation

27

Define Triangulation

Process of melding core Labour principles with lessons learned from Thatcherism

28

Define the concept of the Third Way

An ideological position said to exist between conventional socialism and mainstream capitalism, closely associated with Blair and NL

29

Define Social Justice

The goal of greater equality of outcome, as opposed to equal oppurtunity

30

Who were the Gang of Four?

The 4 former Labour cabinet ministers who left the party in 1981 to form the Social Democratic Party (Rodgers, Jenkins, Williams, Owen)

31

When did the SDP-Liberal alliance take place?

1983

32

Define Liberalism

A political ideology associated with ideas of personal liberty, toleration and limited government. Emphasis on the individual

33

Define progressive liberalism

A more progressive form of liberalism, helps to regulate the market and provide basic welfare. Advanced by Green and Hobhouse

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