Flashcards in Chapter 5 - Pressure Group Typologies Deck (18):
Who first suggested classifying PGs by their core aims?
Define the term Sectional/Interest Group
A sectional group aims to advance the shared interests of it's members, as opposed to campaigning for a broader cause. Exclusive. EG British Medical Association
Define the term Cause Group
Groups that seek to promote approaches which do not directly benefit the cause of the members. Wide membership base, inclusive. EG RSPB
What is an Attitude Cause Group?
A group that seeks to change people's attitude on a particular matter (EG Greenpeace, PETA)
What is a Political Cause Group?
A group that campaigns in pursuit of a cause that is essentially political (EG Unlock Democracy)
What is a Sectional Cause Group?
A group that represents a specific area of society that is distinct from its own membership (EG NSPCC)
Name an issue with classifying PGs by aims?
Some groups don't fit into the model
Easier to classify groups by their status
Who suggested classification through group status?
Define Insider Group
PGs that have a positive relationships with the government
What are core insider groups?
PGs that work closely with government and are consulted regularly on a broad range of policy matters (EG BMA)
What are specialist insider groups?
PGs with which the government consults across only a narrow range of policies
What are peripheral insider groups?
Groups whose areas of expertise or interest are so narrow that government would only rarely consult them
Define Outsider Group
PGs that work outside the political loop
What are potential insider groups?
Groups that might ultimately achieve insider status but are currently lacking in terms of support and experience (may lack legitimacy)
Define PGs that are outsiders by necessity
Groups that have no realistic chance of becoming insider groups because of their chosen methods or core aims (EG Fathers4Justice)
Define PGs that are ideological outsiders
These are groups which must be separate from government from the government for ideological purposes (EG. Amnesty International)
What is a flaw with the insider/outsider typologies?
Some groups can be insider and outsider
Groups can move very quickly from outsider-insider (eg. Charter 88 after 97)