Chapter 11 - Integumentary System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 - Integumentary System Deck (91):
1

biopsy

removal of tissue from body for examination

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cautery

tissue destruction by electricity

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debridement

removal of contaminated or devitalized tissue from a traumatic or infected lesion

4

dermabrasion

planning of the skin done by mechanical means, e.g., sandpaper or wire brushes

5

dermatome

an instrument for cutting thin skin slices for grafting

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electrodesiccation

destruction of tissue of dehydration with high-frequency electric current

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escharotomy

removal of burn scar tissue

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fulguration

destruction of living tissue by electric sparks

9

graft

a tissue or organ for implantation or transplantation; a piece of skin transplanted to replace a lost portion of the skin; pigskin may be used as a temporary graft. a new type of synthetic collagen is now being used to permanent skin grafts

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hyfracator

a type of machine for destroying tissue (high-frequency eradicator)

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carcinoma

a malignant new growth made up of epithelial cells tending to infiltrate surround tissues and give rise to metastases

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keratosis

any horny growth, such as a wart or callosity

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nevus (-i)

a mold or growth, e.g., birthmark; there are many types

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steatoma

lipoma; a fatty mass retained within a sebaceous gland, sebaceous cyst

15

verruca (-ae)

a wart, caused by viruses. a plantar wart is one on the sole or plantar surface of the foot

16

acne vulgaris

an inflammatory disease of the skin with the formation of an eruption of papules or pustules; chronic acne, usually occurring in adolescence. maybe be caused by foods, stress, hereditary factors, hormones, drugs, and bacteria

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carbuncle, furuncle

boils, abscesses, and pustular lesions

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cellulitis

inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. may lead to ulceration and abscess

19

impetigo

a streptococcal or staphylococcal skin infection marked by cesicles or bullae that become pustular, rupture, and form yellow crusts, especially around the mouth and nose

20

herpes genitalis

blister-type inflammatory highly contagious skin disease of the genitals.

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herpes ophthalmicus

severe herpes zoster involving the ophthalmic nerve (eye)

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herpes simplex

an acute viral disease, often on the borders of the lips or nares (cold sores) or on the genitals

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herpes zoster

shingles: an acute, unilateral, self-limited inflammatory disease of a nerve, e.g., on one side of the pelvis

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verruca

a wart

25

tinea

ringworm; a name applied to many different superficial fungal infections of different parts of the body

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tinea barbae

infection of the bearded parts of the face by ringworm

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tinea capitis

infection of the scalp by ringworm

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tinea corporis

infection of the body by ringworm

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tinea cruris

infection of the groin by ringworm ("jock itch")

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tinea pedis

athlete's foots; a chronic superfical infection of the skin of the foot by ringworm

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tinea unguium

infection of the fingernails by ringworm; the nails become opaque, white, thickened, and friable

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pediculosis capitis

lice (head)

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pediculosis corporis

lice (body)

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pediculosis pubis

pubic lice or crabs

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scabies

a mite, a small parasite; can burrow under the skin

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eczema

redness in skin, caused by some substance, e.g., food

37

neurodermatitis

a dermatosis presumed to be caused by itching related to emotional causes or psychological factors

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psoriasis

a chronic, hereditary, recurrent dermatosis marked by discrete vivid red macules, papules, or plaques covered with silvery laminated scales

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diabetes mellitus

a disorder in which blood sugar (glucose) levels are abnormally high because the body does not produce enough insulin

40

erysipelas

a contagious disease of the skin and subcutaneous tissues caused by infection with streptococci organisms; redness and swelling of affected areas

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histoplasmosis

a systemic fungal disease caused by inhalation of dust contaminated by fungus

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lupus erythematosus

a chronic superficial inflammation of the skin; the lesions typically form a butterfly patter over the bridge of the nose and cheeks

43

rubella

german measles; a mild viral infection marked by a pink macular rash

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rubeola

a synonym of measles in english and of german measles in french and spanish

45

syphilis

a venereal disease; cutaneous lesions; caused by infection from direct sexual contact

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varicella

chickenpox; residues itch and later become scabs

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coccidioidin

a sterile preparation injected intracutaneously as a test for valley fever (respiratory fungus disease)

48

Mantoux or PPD

a test for tuberculosis (TB), a bacterical disease

49

Dick test

an intracutaneous test for susceptibility to scarlet fever

50

Schick test

an intracutaneous test for diphtheria

51

sweat test

a test for pesence of cystic fibrosis

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actinic

referring to ultraviolet rays of the sun

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albinism

no body pigment; white skin and hair

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alopecia

baldness; hereditary or caused by chemotheraphy

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bulla (-ae)

large blisters, as in burns

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burn

thermal injury to tissues. first-degree burns show redness. second degree burns produce blisters and are partial-thickness burns. third-degree burns are full-thickness burns and involve subcutaneous tissue and muscle

57

callus

localized hyperplasia of the horny layer of the epidermis (skin) caused by pressure or friction

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cicatrix

a scar

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cyst

a closed epithelium-lined cavity or sac, normal or abnormal, usually containing liquid or semisolid material

60

dermatology

the medical specialty concerned with diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases

61

ecchymosis

bruise, caused by bleeding under the skin

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erosion

eating or gnawing away, e.g., an early ulcer

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eruption

breaking out; a rash

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erythema

redness of the skin

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eschar

a slough (hard crust) produced by thermal burn

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exanthem

an eruptive (rose-colored) disease or fever

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excoriation

a superficial loss of skin, e.g., by scratching

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exfoliation

a falling off in scales or layers

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fissure

a narrow slit on the skin surface, e.g., anal fissure, athlete's foot lesion

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gangrene

necrotic or dead tissue

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hirsutism

abnormal hairiness, especially in women

72

keloid

a sharply elevated, progressively enlarging scar that does not fade with time

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laceration

cut; tearing; a torn wound

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lesion

any pathologic or traumatic discontinuity of tissue, e.g., a sore

75

macule

a spot, or thickening, e.g., freckle, flat mole. area is not raised above the surface

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nodule

a small node that is solid and can be detected by touch; a rounded prominence, e.g., a boss

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nummular

coin-sized and coin shaped

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papulae

a small, circumscribed, solid elevated lesion of the skin, e.g., wart, acne, mole

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paronychia

inflammation of the folds of tissue around the fingernail

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plaque

any patch or flat area; used to describe the silvery scales of psoriasis

81

pruritus

itching

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pustule

a small, elevated, pus-containing lesion of the skin

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scales, crusts

an outer layer formed by drying of a bodily exudate or secretion; flaking type of lesion, e.g., psoriasis, fungus

84

scar, cicatrix

a mark remaining after healing of a wound or other morbid process

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superfluous hair

excessive hair on the face of women

86

tumor

swelling; may be benign or malignant; also called neoplasm

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ulcer

a local destruction of tissue from sloughing of necrotic inflammatory tissue, e.g., varicose ulcer, decubitus ulcer

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urticaria

hives; transient elevated patches (wheals)

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vesicle

a small blister containing liquid

90

vitiligo

loss of pigment; white patchy areas

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wheal

a localized area of swelling on the body surface, e.g., produced by a skin test reaction