Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (17):
1

amidation reaction

A reaction in which a carboxylic acid and an amine combine to form an amide

2

amide

An organic compound that contains a carbonyl group bonded to a nitrogen atom

3

anabolic pathway

The metabolic pathways that build large molecules from smaller ones and that consume energy

4

ATP Cycle

The reactions that make ATP from ADP and phosphate and then break the ATP back down, storing energy and then releasing it

5

catabolic pathway

The metabolic pathways that break down large molecules into smaller ones and that release energy

6

condensation reaction

A reaction in which two molecules combined to make a larger molecule and a molecule of water.

7

copolymer

A large molecule that is built from alternating molecules of two smaller substances

8

ester

An organic compound that contains an oxygen atom bonded to both a carbonyl group and an alkyl group

9

esterification reaction

A reaction that combines an alcohol and a carboxylic acid to make an ester

10

ether

An organic compound that contains an oxygen atom bonded to two alkyl groups

11

hydrolysis reaction

A reaction in which a large molecule reacts with water, forming two smaller molecules

12

metabolism

All of the reactions that occur in a living organism

13

phosphoester

A compound formed when a phosphate ion condenses with an alcohol

14

phosphorylation reaction

A reaction that adds a phosphate group to another molecule

15

polymer

A large molecule that is built from repeating molecules of a smaller substance

16

saponification reaction

The reaction of an ester with a strong base to form an alcohol and a carboxylate salt

17

soap

A sodium or potassium salt of a fatty acid