Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (20):
1

long term causes of WWI

-Bismark created alliances that kept the balance of power
-gradual collapse of the ottoman empire
-Austro-Hungarian empire not wanting Slavs to get unity
-Germany is scared of Russia
-people scared of Germany getting big
-Kaiser William II
-french wanting to getting revenge for Franco-Prussian war
-Russia hating Austria for Crimean war and annex of Bosnia
-Italy mad about irrendenta which is controlled by Austria
-Russia and Austria wanted the Balkans

2

short terms causes of WWI

-Germany issued blank check
-Russia (supporting Serbia) threatens to mobilize
-Germany demands halt to Russian mobilization, but refuses
-Germany had Schrieffen plan
-Germany invade Belgium
-Austria invade Serbia
-Russia invade Germany and Austria

3

blank check

"i'll give you my support now matter what"

4

triple alliance

Germany, Austria, italy

5

Entente Cordiale

France and Russia

6

Triple Entente

France, Britain, Russia

7

Central Powers

Germany, Austria, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria

8

Allies

France, British, Russia, Belgium, Serbia, Romania, Italy, Portugal, Japan, USA

9

neutrals in WWI

Scandinavia, Holland, Spain, Switzerland

10

battle of Marne

-towards the end of the war
-the British and french stopped the Germans coming into paris

11

battle of jutland

-Germany and British fought each other's naval force
-Germany won

12

treaty of Brest-Litovsk

Russia said they wouldn't participate in WWI
-lost land

13

Tsar Nicholas II

-embarrassed by Russo-Japanese war
-bloody Sunday
-fought int he front of the war

14

the causes of the Russian revolution

-Tsar Nicholas II went to take personal command of his army and left his life in charge
-Rasputin
-workers in factories want radical change
-food crisis in st. Peters burg (women's march) (march revolution)
-Tsar abdicate
-provisional government created by Kerensky and continued to fight against Germany
-Bolshevik overthrow Kerensky (October revolution)

15

Alexandra

wife of tsar Nicholas II
-took orders from rasputin

16

kerensky

created provisional government in Russia

17

outcomes of Russian Revolution

-Romanov monarchy and provisional government overthrow
-Brest-Litovsk

18

fourteen points

-self determination
-open diplomacy
-freedom of sea
-reduction of national armaments
-return of Alsace-Lorraine to France
-independent Poland
-self determination
-league of nations

19

treaty of versailles

-Alsace and Lorraine was given to France
-Poland was recreated and got some German land called the polish corridor
-a new state of Czechoslovakia
-Sudetenland was given to a new country
-Hungary was an independent state
-Yugoslavia was created (no self-determination)
-mandates created from Germany's territories
-Germany became a republic
-Ottoman empire was gone
-Romanian was doubled
-Bulgaria was reduced
-Austria-Hungary were separate
-Serbs dominate Yugoslavia
-Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania emerged

20

outcomes of WWI

-the Hapsburg monarchy disappeared
-old landed elites collapsed
-Victorian morality was abandoned and sexual mores loosened (honor)
-total war
-economic dislocation (loans, tariffs)
-labor unions gained support
-all quiet on the western front