Chapter 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (10):
1

new imperialism

-1850s (1880-1990s especially)
Britain and France
-standard of living rise
-range of consumer products becomes diverse
-only Liberia and Ethiopia, Siam, Persia and Afghanistan survived
-cruel treatment of people (Leopold II of Belgium Congo)

2

causes of imperialism

-search for more markets
-search for more raw materials
-wanting to convert
-"keeping up with Jones" (search for status, not wanting to fall behind)
-strategic positions
-investing in capital
-social Darwinism (white man's burden)

3

British imperialism

-control of Suez canal, Malta, Gibraltar
-Mediterranean is now a British lake
-Boer control of south Africa (diamonds)

4

French during imperialism

smaller, but important to trade and national pride and identity

5

dutch during imperialism

-it not expand
-discovery of oil in east indies sustained power at higher level than Holland

6

germany during imperialism

-booby prizes (pickings left over by french and British)

7

china during imperialism

bad shape
trying to cope with modernity
opium war and boxer rebellion (european military interventions force china to accept european economic dominace)
-originally sphers of influence
-american suggest open door policy where everybody can trade and complete throughout CHina

8

japan during imperialism

industrialized rapidly
became a imperial power

9

USA during imperialism

defeated Spain and built its empire in Caribbean and pacific (panama canal)

10

Italians during imperialism

felt left out
they tried to control Ethiopia (failed)