Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

AP review #2 > Chapter 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (17):
1

Spain from 1648-1740

-no exports or manufacturing
-resources of empire depleted
-empire too big and fragmented to be ruled successfully
-poor leadership from Hapsburg and bourbon kings
-noble class not interested in government
-30 years war (a lot of spending)

2

Poland from 1648-1740

-the parliament is horrible (liberium veto)
-surrounded by powerful states with no protection
-old fashioned agricultural system
-mostly poor
-gobbled up by neighbors in partitions
-the aristocrats had a lot of political influence because they elected the king and the diet was unanimous (liberium veto)

3

liberum veto

-parliament in Poland from 1648-1740
-kings were to share power with parliament
-but the parliament just took control
-they would have to stop it if one person said no

4

Sweden from 1648-1740

-empire too far flung
-weak economy can't sustain high army
-nobility and monarchy in conflict
-recklessness of Charles XII (defeated by peter the great)

5

Holland from 1648-1740

-religious divisions
-regional identities very strong
-stagnation of industries
-London replacing Amsterdam as economic center
-damaged after conflict with England and France
-weak leaders after William the silent
-British outstrip naval technology and trade competition

6

HRE from 1648-1740

-Hapsburg focus on Austrian territories
-war of Austrian succession
-divided into mini states
-economy devastated after 30 years war
-divided religiously and

7

war of Austrian succession

-pragmatic sanction
-Frederick the great (Prussia) seizes Silesia

8

Austria from 1648-1740

-Charles VI made pragmatic sanction
-war of Spanish succession (belgium)
-Hungary regained
-mostly roman catholic
-protestants removed

9

Robert walpole

first prime minister of Britain (1721-1742)

10

Prussia from 1648-1740

-Hohenzollern
-welcomed Huguenots
-tolerant in religion
-going pretty great
-elector of brandenburg was recognized as king of prussia at war of spanish succession
-Frederick the great, Fredrick I, Frederick William, Frederick II the great

11

Britain from 1648-1740

-after bill of rights (self explanatory)

12

Russian from 1648-1740

-peter the great
-Elizabeth
-Catherine the great
-peasant uprisings
-

13

peter the great

-great northern war (took Baltic territories from Sweden, pushed south to black sea) (got a port)
-westernized
-tight control over church
-controlled nobility
-built economy

14

Frederick William the great elector

-Prussia
-created a big army to protect Hohenzollern territories
-demanded loyalty of junkers

15

Frederick William I

-built a powerful army

16

boyars

Russian nobility

17

ottoman empire from 1648-1740

-conservatism
-bordered aggressive Russia and Austria
-conquests in central Europe (Vienna) (defeated by poles and Germans)