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Flashcards in reformation Deck (17):
1

causes of the reformation

-German princes challenged authority of catholic HRE
-wealthy (indulgences) and peasants (inflation) mad
-corruption in church
-individualism emphasis instead of priests
-attacks by Turks and french on HRE
-rise of capitalistic spirit that emphasizes personal restraint and pursuit of wealth

2

lutheran beliefs

-authority of scripture alone
-priesthood of all believers
-church should be subordinated to the state (unlike Calvinism)

3

characteristics of reformation

-bible translated into vernacular (Luther's German bible, book of common prayer)

4

jesuits

focused on education, fought protest ism

5

anabaptists

attempted to create a perfect christian community
-brutally suppressed by Catholics and protestants
-adult baptism
-wanted separation of state and church

6

Jan hus

-burned at the stake
-"house burned"

7

Zwingli

challenges transubstantiation (zucchini refuses to be transformed)
-crack in protestant uniformity

8

diet of worms

-Luther summoned
-supposed to defend, but throws it in their faces and says that he does not accept the authority of popes

9

Schmalkadic league

German protestant alliances against Charles V and roman Catholics (malt of German princes and Charles V)

10

Act of supremacy

Anglican church established in England

11

peace of Augsburg

-excludes Calvinists and Anabaptist
-victory to Lutherans
-weakens HRE
-he who rules , his will be the religion

12

college of propaganda

established to propagate faith for Catholics

13

peasants war

people should have obedience to authority

14

outcomes of reformation

-encourages growth of capitalism by emphasis on thrift, sobriety, search for material success as a sign of God, moral discipline, individualism
-women seen as the temptress instead of the Virgin
-overthrow of Latin Vulgate. now German and English languages (book of common prayer)
-confiscation of church and monastic lands enriches rulers and elites

15

gallican church

France and Spain have tighter control of catholic church
-reformation

16

vulgate

Latin
church book thingy

17

thomas munzer

"left wing" Anabaptist
-wanted the overthrow of existing political and social order