Chapter 17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (14):
1

causes of the collapse of communism

-Russia stagnated
-Russian birthrate was declining
-ethnic minorities was rising
-detente
-conquered people were pressing for freedom
-war in Afghanistan was unsuccessful
-cost of competing with western military technologies
-middle class were mad at being excluded from decision making
-central planning wasn't good
-

2

gorbachez

-reforms (glasnost)
-perestroika
-still believed in communism

3

outcomes of the collapse of communism

-Russia went towards democracy and free market
-Gorbachev ousted
-Baltic state independent
-radical decline in standard of living
-USA only superpower

4

which countries became free after the collapse of communism

-Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, and Poland become free

5

which states became independent after Yugoslavia broke apart

Croatia
Slovenia
Macedonia
Bosnia-Herzegovina
Kosovo

6

tony blair

-labor party
-renounced socialism as fundamental principle of party
-devolution (parliament for Scotland and wales)
-tamed the north Irish crisis
-wanted great integration with Europe

7

mitterrand

moderate reformer
socialist
worked on European integraiton

8

putin

reforms
right to buy and sell agricultural land
no free press
committed nationalist

9

kohl

organizes reunification

10

Italy after the fall of communism

-christian democrats continue to be in power
-this was until other offices gained power (center-right present government)

11

Germany after the fall of communism

-kohl
-east Germany's economy is bad!
-they charted a independent foreign policy (no EU)

12

Yugoslavia after the fall of communism

-ethnic clash emerged
-worst fighting in Bosnia
-Milosevic fostered trouble until the overthrow after NATO bombing

13

milosevic

Serbian leader in Yugoslavia

14

present problems

-right wing resurgence (neo-nazi)
-intense terrorism in basque region of Spain and northern Ireland