Renaissance Flashcards Preview

AP review #2 > Renaissance > Flashcards

Flashcards in Renaissance Deck (19):
1

medieval times

-focused on life after death
-little individual self-awareness

2

spain

-castile and argon (Isabella and Ferdinand)
-Muslims still in Granada
-conquest of the south

3

jacob burckhardt

renaissance is a distinct period, instead of just continuing

4

renaissnace causes

-no more feudalism
-market economy in northern Italy (banking and trade)
-great schism weaken authority of the church

5

humansim

-liberal and secular learning
-classical texts
-education of classics, rhetoric and history

6

renaissance characteristics

-wealthy merchant families instead of hereditary kings
-personal achievement
-civic humanism
-materialism
-emphasis on being educated, refined, literate (humanism)
-balance, order, symmetry
-city state governments
-patronage of arts
-vernacular
-five major states of Milan, Venice, Florence, Papal states, Naples

7

Dante

vernacular literature (divine comedy) (hell, heaven etc..)

8

petrarch

-father of humanism
-classical and christian values coexisting
-scholasticism contempt
-liked ancient Rome
-vernacular

9

boccaccio

-humanist studies (Cameron)
-vernacular

10

castiglione

-education
-good manners (courtier)

11

pico della mirandola

(dignity of man) human potential for greatness

12

the medici

bankers who ruled Florence
-great patrons of the arts
-Machiavellians

13

machiavelli

(the prince)
-heroism and patriotism of Romans
-need to be cruel and ruthless
-wrote about Italian rulers

14

pope Julius II

-patron of the arts
-expels french invaders = "warrior pope"

15

outcomes of the reniassance

-achieve realism
-weakening of the authority of the church
-individualism instead of corporatism (ambassadors and city states)

16

northern renaissance characteristics

-less secularizing than Italian renaissance
-more concerned with religious piety than Italians (studied earlier christian texts )
-christian humanism
-classical texts/ideas
-literary
-vernacular = national feeling

17

erasmus

-reconciled classical and christian values
-believed in freedom of human will
-scholarship
-resists reformation
-critics the church
-northern renaissance
-christian humanist

18

thomas more

-author of utopia
-resists English reformation (care more about his job)
-northern renaissance
-christian humanist

19

christian humanism

-studied classical sources
-combine classical and christian values
-moral and institutional reform
-Erasmus and Thomas more
-engagement in politics is necessary
-education = reform (Erasmus)
-religious piety