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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (24):
1

Edward VI

encouraged protestant theology

2

Mary I

restored Catholicism and married Philip II of Spain (Charles V's son)

3

Elizabeth I

-politique
-balanced Catholicism and protest ism (Anglican church)
-placed political necessities above personal beliefs
-defeated Philip II's armada
-Mary Queen of Scots
-supported the dutch revolt against the Spanish

4

Philip II of Spain

wife of Mary I
tried to overthrow Anglicanism with Armada but failed

5

Mary Queen of Scots

tried to kill Elizabeth I so she could become queen

6

edit of nantes

Henry IV
-granted toleration to Calvinism

7

Henry IV

... of Navarre
-"Paris is worth a mass"
-four (IV) christian baguettes!

8

st. Bartholomew day massacre

massacre of catholics

9

El escorial

a monastery Philip II of Spain made

10

Philip II

-...of Spain
-wanted to suppress Protestantism in the Netherlands, but failed
-in the end, William of orange (the silent) created the united provinces in the northern half of the low countries
-he defeated the Turks though (battle of lepanto)

11

William the Orange (silent)

-created the united provinces in the northern half of the low countries
-he defeated the Turks though
-PROTESTANT

12

politiques

-a ruler who puts their politics before religion
-Henry IV of Navarre
-William the orange
-Elizabeth I

13

the 30 years war

-Austria wanted to spread Catholicism
-but France didn't want Austria to get powerful, so they allied themselves with protestant princes
-begins in Bohemia with defenestration of Prague (throwing out the window of Hapsburg officials)
-HRE is on a roll in the beginning
-but Sweden comes in starts winning
-Swedish king dies and France comes in and wins!
-peace of Westphalia ends it

14

treaty of westphalia

-Calvinism is recognized as equal with Catholicism and Lutheranism
-Austria is separate from HRE
-united provinces was recognized as a Protestant state
-Sweden gained territory
-France was the victor
-Germany lost a lot of control and fragmented
-Brandenburg-Prussia is the leading Lutheran power in North Germany
-Germany's economy and population is horrible

15

Dias

rounded cape of good hope , went to inda

16

treaty of tordesillas

divided the world between Spain and Portugal, (Spain gets most of south america)

17

outcomes of age of expansion

-price rises (more gold and silver)
-commercial revolution
-domestic system
-mercantilism

18

commercial revolution

-changes in investment and production
-inflation
-before, the economy was based on guilds and towns
-now, a new nation centered system replaced it
-joint-stock companies (capital)
-bankers and merchants
-new entrepreneurs
-domestic or putting out system

19

domestic system

-in order to avoid strict guild regulations

20

mercantilism

-export more than you can import
-accumulate as much gold and silver as possible
-increase national revenue by increasing national wealth

21

joint-stock companies

-investors bought shares of ownership
-a lot of capital was needed so they did this

22

who were the new monarchs

-henry VII of england
-louis XI of france
-ferdinand and isabella of spain
-ivan IV of russia

23

new monarchs

-increasing royal power at expense of nobility and church
expand royal control over military
create independent sources of revenues (taxes, inquisition
-extend control over church
-extend control over nobility

24

henry VII

star chamber
used justices of peace to extend royal authority tinto local shires
encouraged wool industry
expanded english merchant marine
new monarch