Chapter 16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 Deck (30):
1

Hitler's plans

-Slavic people would be slaves
-communism and capitalism would be eliminated

2

events leading up to declaration of war in WWII

-Germany withdrew from league of nations
-rearmament
-Rome-Berlin axis (Italy and Ethiopia)
-occupies Rhineland
-annex Austria
-Munich crisis over Sudetenland
-Germans occupy Prague (Czechoslovakia)
-Germany invade Poland
-declare war

3

Durnick

WWII
-after Germany invaded France
-British barely escaped

4

WWII in Africa and Greece

-Italy joined the axis and invaded North Africa and Greece (fail)
-Germany to come in and capture Yugoslavia and Greece
-axis failed to captured Cairo and Suez canal
-this events delayed the invasion of Russia

5

Japan in WWII

-invaded pearl harbor, Singapore, Philippines, dutch east indies
-these provoked Roosevelt's trade embargo on oil

6

US and Britain's plan for WWII

-offense in Europe
-defense in Asia

7

Making peace in WWII

-conferences included Yalta and Potsdam
-there was little Britain and USA could do to restrain Stalin unless they wanted WWIII
-unconditional surrender (prevent Stalin from making separate peace)
-united nations

8

countries absorbed by soviet control after WWIII

-Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria

9

Italy after WWII

-no more monarchy and democracy
-christian democrats
-rebuilt economy (economic miracle)

10

Yugoslavia and Albania after WWII

-went communist
-Tito (resistant to soviets)

11

Greece after WWII

-Greece fought civil war and defeated communists

12

France after WWII

-4th republic (horrible, Algerian conflict) , but then de gaulle took over

13

causes of the cold war

-Russia wanted to control Germany and Poland to prevent a repeat of German attacks/communists empire in making
-west didn't want communist parties to win elections, but most were just hero and did good in elections
-vast communist conspiracy (china, Korean war)
-soviets mad about west not launching a second front/ west wanted stuffing knocked out of USSR
-Marshall plan seen as plot to bribe Europeans
-Berlin blockade attempt to push west out of Germany
-enormous wealth of west was danger to communism

14

NATO

offense against Russia

15

Warsaw pact

soviet offense against west

16

Marshall plan

-helped promote the recovery of Europe
-policy of containment (american influence)
-seen by Russia as a way to bribe Europeans

17

Truman doctrine

-block expansion of soviet influence into Greece and Turkey
-help countries

18

MAD

mutually assured destruction
-prevented another general war so long as no accidents or another Hitler came into power

19

Soviet union postwar world

-Khrushchev (destalinization, Cuban missile crisis)
-Brezhnev (detente, heavy industry)

20

Britain postwar world

-welfare state
-labor party
-medical care

21

5th republic

Created by de gaulle after WWII
-after 4th republic

22

Germany postwar world

-Adenauer
-economic miracle recovery

23

Adenearu

led Germany postwar Germany

24

Poland after WWII

-communism
-revolt
-more harsh communist policies (Gomulka)

25

Hungary after WWII

-open revolt led by imre Nagy
-suppressed by Russian invasion

26

Czechoslovakia after WWII

-Prague spring
-soviet invasion
-suppression of reforms

27

decolonization

-Britain withdrew from India (Muslim Pakistan and Hindu India)
-dutch left Indonesia
-french fought communism in Vietnam (unsuccessful)
-British gave up African colonies
-Philippines independent
-Suez canal
-south Africa (apartheid)
-Belgian Congo (European and African successor government were bad)

28

Balfour delcaration

WWI
-promised support for Jewish national homeland

29

existentialism

-we are alone and condemned to be free, take action!

30

Simone de beauvoir

-"second sex"
-women must demand stuff
-women discrimination went far deeper than political and legal issues