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Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (19)
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1

substance that completes or makes an addition to daily dietary intake

Dietary supplement

2

What vitamins have the potential for excess dosage?

A, D B6

3

What minerals have the potential for excess dosAge?

Iron, Zinc, Ca+

4

Why is creatine used by strength athletes

increases muscle creatine levels, enhances high intensity efforts, Increase muscle mass, strength, and anaerobic performance

5

explain the benefits of caffeine for endurance athletes

Ergogenic benefits present more than an hr OR high intensity short duration exercise lasting about 5 min. Does not work for sprints lasting 90 seconds or less

6

How should calcium be taken

with meals, spaced throughout the day, better than ingesting 100% daily needs at one time

7

Avg daily nutrient intake level that is ESTIMATED to meet the requirement of HALF the healthy individuals who are in a particular life stage and gender group

Estimated Average requirement (EAR)

8

avg daily nutrient intake level that is SUFFICIENT to meet the nutrient requirement of nearly ALL healthy individuals who are in a particular life stage and gender group

Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA)

9

A recommended average daily nutrient intake level based on OBSERVED approximations or estimates of nutrient intake that are assumed to be adequate for a group of healthy people (Used when RDA cant be determined)

Adequate Intake

10

Highest daily average nutrient intake level likely to pose no risk of adverse health affects to almost all individuals in a particular life stage and gender group. As intake increases above this, the potential risk of adverse effects increases

Tolerable Upper Intake

11

What is creatine dosing

5-7 days at 20 g per day
2-5 g per day after

12

Explain when caffeine as an ergogenic is most potent

3-6mg/kg body weight about an hr before exercise

13

vitamin that can cause liver damage

A

14

Vitamin that causes calcification of the brain

D

15

Vitamin that may cause GI issues

Iron

16

Vitamin that impairs immune function

Zinc

17

What does a 50 % DV indicate

That adults usually get 50 % of the daily value of said vitamin/mineral.

18

ADE

IU's

19

Units of measure for vitamins

mg/ gm ,mcg, Ug