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Flashcards in Chapter 16 Deck (39):
1

What factor makes seeing youths as clients more common

Reduction in PE classes

2

An appropriate assessment for youths

Overhead squat

3

Correcting compensations when younger does what?

Prevents injuries in the future

4

What are progressions based on when dealing with the Youth population

Postural control NOT amount of weight

5

How should you progress a senior

Sitting, free sitting, then standing

6

What determines progression of senior

level of stabilization the client has

7

What are some things that decrease as we age

max attainable heart rate,
CO
Muscle mass
Balance
Coordination (Neuromuscular efficiency)
Connective tissue elasticity
Bone mineral density

Exercise can improve bone mineral density and VOZ max

8

Most common tool used to evaluate obese

BMI

9

Normal BMI

18.5-24.5

10

Overweight BMI

25-29.9

11

Obese BMI

>30

12

Exercises should be performed how with obese population

Sitting or standing
Aware of surrounding
Don't out patients into positions the make them feel self conscious

13

What # represents high BP

140-90

14

People with HTN should perform exercises how

Sitting or standing, Avoid lying down

15

Where does Osteoporosis commonly affect

Neck of femur and Lumbar vertebrae, Part of core

16

Exercises in patients with osteoporosis should be

free sitting or standing. Avoid spinal loading (squat and Leg press)

17

Chronic inflammation of joints

Arthritis

18

Two types of arthritis

Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis

19

Degeneration of cartilage in joint

Osteoarthritis

20

What should you avoid with patients with arthritis

Heavy lifting and high reps

21

When should prone and supine positions be avoided in pregnancy

12 weeks

22

SMR In pregnancy

Avoid in areas of swelling and varicose veins

23

Plyometrics should be avoided when In pregnancy

2nd and 3rd trimester

24

If a senior cant tolerate SMR or static stretches what should you do

Perform slow rhythmic active or dynamic stretches

25

What type of resistance training is best for seniors

Phase 1;stabilization focus then progress slowly to stages 2-5

26

Recommended phases for HTN clients

Phase 1 and 2; circuit PHA

27

What assessment would be appropriate for pregnant woman

OH, push pull, sl squat

28

Cardiorespiratory exercise for pregnant women

3-5 days a week 15-30 min a day. May need to start at 5 minutes and progress to 30

29

appropriate phase for pregnancy woman

Phase 1 and 2 ; after first trimester phase 1

30

What is the recommended total days per week to perform resistance training for clients with diabetes and obesity

2-3 days

31

What is the training intensity for an obese client

60-80%

32

Group of diseases in which blood vessels become restricted or blocks, typically as a result of atherosclerosis

PVD

33

Arthritis primarily affecting connective tissues in which there is a thickening of articular soft tissue and extension of the synovial tissue over articular cartiledges that have become eroded

Rheumatoid Arthritis

34

Arthritis in which cartiledge becomes soft, frayed, thinned out, as a result of trauma or other conditions

Osteoarthritis

35

Decrease in calcification or density of bone as well as reduced bone mass

Osteopenia

36

Decrease in bone mass and density as well as an increase in the space between bones, resulting in porosity and fragility

Osteoprosis

37

Manifestation if symptoms caused from PAD

Intermittent Claudication

38

Three physiological differences between children an adults

Submax oz consumption is higher compared to adults
Decreased sweat rate
Glycolytic enzymes are less than adults

39

Benefits of resistance training in youths

Lower risk of injury
increases in strength
Improve motor skills
Improve body comp
improve bone density