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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (36):
1

States that soft tissue models along the lines of stress

Davis's law

2

Tendency of the body to seek the path of least resistance during functional mvmt patterns

Relative flexibility (leads to muscle imbalances)

3

Alteration of a muscle surrounding a joint

Muscle imbalance

4

Concept of muscle inhibition caused by a tight agonist which inhibits its fxnl antagonist
(Tight psoas decrease the neural drive to the glutes)

Altered reciprocal inhibition

5

Inappropriate muscles take over the function of a weak inhibited prime mover. Psoas tight, decrease glute...hamstring will take over

Synergistic dominance

6

Simultaneous contraction of one muscle and relaxation of its antagonist

Reciprocal inhibition

7

Difference b/w muscle spindles and GTO

Muscle spindles detect change in length, cause contract
GTO detect change in tension, cause relaxation

8

prolonged Golgi tendon stimulation provides inhibitory action to the muscle spindles, this is called

Autogenic Inhibition

9

Normal extensibility of all soft tissues that allow the full ROM of a joint

Flexibility

10

Three types of flexibility in the Flexibility Continuum. Name stretches performed in each and variables

Corrective- SMR; 30 seconds. Static; 1-3 sets 1 rep 30 sec
Active- SMR; 30 second; active isolated stretch; 1-2 sets, hold 1-2 seconds 5-10 reps
Functional -SMR; 30 seconds Dynamic 1 set 10-15 reps, 3-10 exercises

11

Flexibility that is designed to correct and improve muscle imbalances, done in Phase 1

Corrective

12

Flexibility that takes muscle to new length and uses it in a full ROM

Active

13

Establishes flexibility at higher and more realistic speeds

Functional

14

What occurs with SMR

Autogenic inhibition

15

Which type of flexibility uses reciprocal inhibition

dynamic

16

Name 3 dynamic stretches

Prisoner squats, tube walking, SL squats

17

Explain the cumulative injury cycle

Tissue trauma
Inflammation
Muscle spasms
Adhesions
Altered neuromuscular control
Muscle imbalances

18

How can you get out of the cumulative injury cycle

Incorporate an intergrated flexibility training program

19

Which flexibility technique uses autogenic inhibition

Corrective

20

Which type of flexibility is better before exercise

Active and functional

21

Stretch the ______ muscles. Strengthen the ______muscles

Overactive, tight
Underactive, weak

22

How would u regress and progress an SMR stretch

Regress: softer roller or towel
Progress: Different size roller, lacrosse ball

23

Progress a SMR TFL stretch

Top leg over bottom or diff roller

24

Capability of being elongated or stretched

extensibility

25

Combo nation of flexibility and nervous systems ability to control ROM efficiently

Dynamic ROM

26

The ability of the nervous system to allow agonist, antagonist, synergists, and stabilizers to work together to produce, reduce, and dynamically stabilize the entire kinetic chain in all 3 planes

Neuromuscular efficiency

27

Predictable patterns of muscle flexibility

Postural distortion patterns

28

Motion of joints

Arthrokinematics

29

Occurs when joint is not working properly

Arthrokinetic dysfunction

30

Taking muscle to the point of tension and holding 30 sec

Static stretching

31

stretch that uses agonists and synergists to dynamically move the joint into a ROM

Active stretching

32

Active extension of a muscle using force production and momentum to move a joint through full ROM

Dynamic stretching

33

Name two mechanoreceptors

GTO and muscle spindles

34

Purpose of corrective flexibility

Increase joint ROM
Improve muscle imbalances
Correct altered joint motion

35

Purpose of active flexibility

improve extensibility of soft tissue and increase neuromuscular efficient by using reciprocal inhibition

36

Purpose of functional flexibilty

Increase multiplanar soft tissue extensibility with optimal neuromuscular control , through the full range of motion