Chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

NASM > Chapter 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (35)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are the 3 components of the Cardiovascular system

Heart, Blood, Blood vessels

2

What are the 4 components of the Respiratory system

Lungs, Alveoli, Bronchi, Trachea (bro lat)

3

What do the cardiovascular and cardiorespiratory systems work together to do

Deliver 02 to tissues of the body and remove waste form tissues of the body

4

What are the 3 functions of the heart

Stroke volume, Heart rate, Cardiac output

5

Total amt of blood pumped out of the heart with each contraction

SV

6

Rate at which the heart beats

Heart rate

7

Average adult heart rate

70-80 bpm

8

Volume of blood pumped by the heart per minute

Cardiac output

9

Cardiac output equation

HRxSV

10

Name the 3 functions of blood and explain each

1. Transportation: transports 02 to tissues and waste products from tissues. Transports hormones to organs and tissues and carries heat throughout body

2 Regulation: regulates body temp and acid balance

3. Protection: From excessive bleeding, disease, and sickness

11

What is the main function of the respiratory system

Bring 02 into the lungs and remove co2 from the lungs

12

Normal breathing uses what muscles?

Diaphram and external intercostal

13

Deep forced breathing uses what muscles

Pectoralis minor and the Scalenes

14

What are some instances where we see deep forced breathing

Stressful situations, physical, mental, or emotional stress.

15

What are two side effects of deep forced breathing

Headaches and anxiety

16

List the 5 types of blood vessels in the order the blood travels through the systemic circuit

Arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins

17

Name the conducting airways

nasal cavity
oral cavity
pharynx
larynx
Trachea
Rt and Lt Pulm bronchi
bronchioles

18

Name the respiratory airways

Alveoli
Alveolar sacs

19

best time and place to monitor heart rate

Radial(wrist) 3 mornings in a row

20

Inspiration muscles

Diagphram, external intercostals, pectoralis minor, sternocloidmastoid, scalenes

21

Expiration muscles

Abs, Internal intercostals

22

Study of energy in the human body

Bioenergtics

23

Chemical reactions that occur in the body to maintain itself, process in which nutrients are acquired, transported, used, and dispersed by the body.

Metabolism

24

Bioenergetics as it relates to pysiologic changes and demands placed upon the body during exercise

exercise metabolism

25

Material or substance in which an enzyme acts

Substrates

26

Carbon, hydrogen, o2 . cellulose, starches and sugar broke into glucose.

Carbs

27

Simple sugar manufactured by the body from carbs, fats, and to a lesser extent protein. Bodys main source of fuel

Glucose

28

Complex carb molecule used to store carbs in liver and muscle cells.

Glycogen

29

One of the three main classes of food. triglycerides, phosolipids and sterols

fats

30

Chemical or substance form in which most fat exists in food as well as the body

Triglycerides