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1

Occupation, lifestyle, medical, and personal info are all examples of

Subjective info

2

Physiologic, Body comp, Cardiorespiratory assessment, static & dynamic assessments, performance assessments are all examples of what

Objective info

3

What should you do if an undiagnosed health issue comes up

Send to healthcare professional

4

Formula for calculating estimated Max HR

220-age x zone %

5

HR for zone 1

65-75%

6

HR for zone 2

76-85%

7

HR for Zone 3

86-95%

8

Which HR zone builds an aerobic base and aids in recovery

Zone 1

9

Which HR zone increases aerobic and anaerobic endurance

Zone 2

10

Which zone does interval training begin

Zone 2

11

Which HR zone builds high end work capacity

Zone 3

12

Name the 3 common postural distortion patterns

Pronation
Upper crossed
Lower Crossed

13

Which distortion pattern is eversion associated with

Pronation

14

Name the Tight (overactive) Short muscles in Pronation distortion Syndrome

Peroneals
Iliotibial band
Gastrocnemious
bicep femoris
adductors
Soleus
Hip flexors
(PIGBASH)

15

Name the weak (Underactive) long muscles Pronation distortion

Hip external rotators
Glutes
Ant and posterior tib
Vastus Medius/ max
(HER BUTT 2 BITS VASTLY)

16

What are the altered joint mechanics associated with pronation distortion syndrome

Increased knee adduction and internal rotation
Increased foot pronation and external rotation

Decrease ankle dorsiflexion and ankle inversion

17

Possible injuries associated with pronation distortion syndrome

Plantar fasciitis
Post tibialis
Patellar tendonitis
Low back pain

18

Lower crossed syndrome can be identified by

Ant Tilt to pelvis or arched back

19

Short over active muscles in Lower crossed syndrome

Hip flexors
Adductors
Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Lat dorsi
Erector spine
(HAGSLE)

20

Underactive/ weak/ long muscles associated with Lower crossed

Glutes
internal oblique
transverse abs
Anterior and post tibs
(GITATP)

21

What are the altered joint mechanics in lower crossed syndrome

increased lumbar extension
Decreased hip extension

22

Possible injuries of Lower crossed

HAL
hamstring complex
ant knee pain
Low back pain

23

Characteristics of upper crossed syndrome

rounded shoulder, forward head

24

Short(tight) Overactive muscles in upper crossed

Lat dorsi
Levator scapulae
Upper traps
Scalenes
Teres Major
Pectoralis major
Sternocleiodmastoid
Subscalpularis

LLUST PSS.

25

Weakened Underactive muscles with upper crossed

Mid - lower traps
Teres minor
Rhomboids
Serratus anterior
Deep cervical Flexors
infraspinatis

26

Altered joint mechanics with upper crossed

Increased Cervical extension and scapular protraction
Decreased shoulder extension and external rotation

27

Injuries associated with upper crossed

Headaches
Bicep tendonitis
Rotator cuff impingement
Thoracic outlet syndrome

28

tests lower extremity agility and neuromuscular control

Sharks skill test

29

What are the sites measured for the skin fold test

Biceps
Tricep
Iliac crest
Subscapular

30

At what BMI are you at an increased risk for disease

>25

31

Pressure in arterial system when heart contracts

Systolic

32

Pressure in arterial system when heart relaxes

Diastolic

33

Normal Bp

120/80

34

Htn BP

140/90

35

What part of assessment is the Par Q

Subjective

36

When you you refer a client to the Dr. according to the PAR-Q

1 or more risk factors
Low risk: no signs and symptoms 1 or less risk factors
Mod Risk: no signs and symptoms ; 2 " "
High Risk: one or more signs or symptoms of disease

37

General health history includes

Occupation, movement patters, dress shoes, Stress

38

Lifestyle questionnaire asks about

Hobbies, recreational activities

39

Any pain/ injuries, surgeries, chronic conditions and medication will be found in ?

Medical history

40

Two uses of beta blockers

Arrhythmia and htn

41

What effect do Beta blockers have on HR ad BP

decrease

42

Calculation for HRR method

220-age=hr max
HRmax-HRrest x desired intensity + HRrest

43

All skinfolds should be done

Twice and on the right side of the body not after exercise

44

4 methods of testing body composition

Skin fold
Bioelectrical impedence
Underwater weighing
Circumference measurement (waist hip ratio) most used clinical application of girth measurements

45

Which is the best measure of BF calculations for an obese person

waist/hip ratio
.80 women
.95 men

46

How do you calculate BMI

Weight(kg)/Height(m2)

47

At what BMI does risk of disease increase?

>25

48

Two methods to test for cardiorespiratory fitness

Rockport and YMCA

49

Who should do performance assessments

Clients looking to improve athletic performance

50

Name the 5 Performance test

Push up- how many in 60 seconds. Can be modied to knees if client lacks upper body

Shark skill- Assess lower extremity agility and neuromuscular control.progression from SL squat. 9-12 squares 12 inch boxes. Can regress to two legs. Two times runs. Deduct .10.

Davies-measures upper extremity agility and stabilization. 2 pieces of tape 36 in apart. Not for people with poor shoulder stability. (15 seconds. Repeat 3 times, total # of touches)

Bench press-Advanced for specific strength goals. 5-10% or 10-20lb

Squat- 10-20% or 30-40 lbs
3-5 reps; rest 2 min repeat

51

What can you not do as a health and fitness professional

Diagnose medical conditions
Prescribe treatments
Prescribe diets
Provide treatment of any kind for injury or disease
Provide rehab services for clienst
Provide counseling for clients

52

A pre participation health screening

PAR Q

53

Low risk on a Par Q

no signs or symptoms and = 1 CVD risk factor

54

Moderate risk on a PAR Q

No signs and symptoms >/= 2 CVD risk factors

55

High risk on a PAR Q

Signs and symptoms present

56

Questions asked in a PARQ

heart condition, chest pain, dizziness, unconsciousness, bone or joint problems, meds for high BP or heart condition. Is there any other reason why you should not engage in physical activity?

57

extended periods of sitting, repetitive movements, dress shoes, mental stress

Client occupation questions

58

Prescribed for htn and angina

Calcium channel blocker

59

Prescribed for HTN and CHF

Nitrates,Vasodilaters

60

Prescribed for HTN, CHF and PE

Diuretics

61

Prescribed for Pulm Disease

Bronchodilators

62

Med that decreases BP and HR

Beta Blocker

63

Decreases BP and has either effect on HR

Calcium channel blocker

64

Increase or no change in heart rate and decrease or no change in BP

Nitrates, vasodilators

65

Dont affect HR or BP

Bronchodialtors

66

Circumference measurements:

Neck: across adams apple
Waist: Narrowest point or across navel
Chest: Across nipple line
Hips: Feet together Widest portion of buttocks
Thighs: 10 in above top of patella
Calves: max circumferenceb/w knee and ankle
Bispes: palms forward, arm extended. max circumference

67

Explain YMCA step test

3 minutes/ 12 inch step. UP UP down down. Take heart rate immediately after. (within 5 seconds) 24 step cyscles 96 steps

68

Explain Rockport

Record Client weight, walk AFAP for 1 mile. Record time, and immediately check HR