Overactive and Underactive muscles Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Overactive and Underactive muscles Deck (41):
1

Concentrically accelerates plantar flexion

Soleus and gastrocenemius

2

Concentrically accelerates hip extension and external rotation

Glute Maximus

3

Concentrically accelerates hip flexion , abduction, and internal rotation

TFL (hi flabir)

4

Concentrically accelerates hip flexion and external rotation as well as rotates the lumbar spice

Psoas

5

Accelerates shoulder adduction, extension and internal and rotation

Lat dorsi
(remember SAD in and out)

6

What are the 5 kinetic chain check points

Foot and ankle
Knee
Lumbo pelvic hip complex
Shoulders
Head and cervical spine

7

The anterior view you evaluate for

Feet pronated or turned out, knees abducted or adducted

8

From the lateral view you evaluate what compensations

Arched back, rounded shoulders, forward head

9

Knees should be

In line with toes

10

Designed to assess dynamic flexibility, core strength, balance, and overall neuromuscular control

Squat assessment

11

How many reps are performed on a squat assessment

5; squat height of a chair

12

Set up for an Overhead squat assessment

Remove shoes
Feet shoulder width apart, toes pointed straight ahead
Foot/ ankle in neutral position
Arms over head

13

Feet flatten ( Overactive)

Bicep femoris
Lat gastrocenemius
TFl
peroneals

(BLT Please)

14

Feet flatten ( Underactive)

Med gastrocenemius
Anterior and post tibs
Glutes

(MAG)

15

Feet turn out (Overactive)

Bicep femoris
Lat gastrocenemius
Soleus
(BLS)

16

Feet turn out (underactive)

gracilis
medial hamstring
Medial gastroceniuemus
popliteal
Sartorius
(GraMMPS)

17

Knees In (over active)

Vastus laterus
Bicep femoris
Adductors
TFL
(VLBAT)

18

Knees in (underactive)

Glutes
VMO
(GV)

19

Low Back Arch (Overactive)

Hip flexors
Erector Spinae
Lat Dorsi
(HEL)

20

Low back arch (underactive)

Hamstring complex
Abs
Glutes
(HAG)

21

Arms fall forward (overactive)

Pectoralis major
Teres major
Lat dorsi

(Praise The Lord)

22

Arms fall forward (underactive)

Mid-lower Trap
Rhomboids
Rotator cuff
(MRR)

23

Excessive lean forward (overactive)

Hip flexor
Abs
Gastrocenemious
soleus

(Leaning HAGS)

24

Excessive lean forward (underactive)

Ant and post tibs
Glutes
erector spine
(AGE)

25

Transitional movement assessment that assesses dynamic flexibility, core strength, balance, and overall neuromuscular control

SL squat assessment.

If too difficult. Use some for assistance or substitute a SL balance

26

How many reps in the pushing assessment

20; split stance, shoulder level

27

Shoulder elevate (Overactive)

Upper traps
levator scapule
sternocleoidmastoid

28

Shoulder elevate (Underactive)

Mid-lower trap

29

Forward head(Overactive)

Upper traps
Levator scapule
Sternocliodmastoid

30

Forward head (Underactive)

Cervical flexors

31

Strengthening exercise for Feet turning out

SL balance reach

32

Strengthening exercises for knees in

Tube walking, Ball squat and bride with abduction

33

Strengthening exercises for excessive forward lean

Quadruped arm/opposite leg raise
ball squats

34

Strengthening exercise for Low back arch

Quadruped arm/ opp leg raise
Ball wall squats
Floor and ball bridges

35

Strengthening exercise for arms fall forward

Squat to row and Cobra

36

Strengthening exercise for elevating shoulders

ball cobra

37

Strengthening exercise for head forward

chin tuck

38

What muscle lifts the leg up, moves leg outward and rotates the spine

Psoas

39

What muscle Pulls arms to the side, pulls arms down, and internally rotates the arm

Lat dorsi

40

What muscle brings the knee up, turns leg in and moves leg away from the body

TFL

41

What muscle lifts leg back and rotates leg out

Hip external rotation