CHAPTER 1a Vocab Flashcards Preview

AP Psych > CHAPTER 1a Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in CHAPTER 1a Vocab Deck (37):
1

A disorder in which the immune system is gradually weakened and eventually disabled by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

2

The branch of psychology concerned with everyday, practical problems

Applied Psychology

3

One or more premises used to provide support for a conclusion

Argument

4

Orientations that locate objects of though on dimensional judgement

Attitudes

5

Any overt (observable response or activity by an organism)

Behavior

6

A systematic approach to changing behavior through the application of the principles of conditioning

Behavior Modification

7

A theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific psychology should study only observable behavior

Behaviorism

8

Psychologists who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and everyday behavioral problems

Clinical Psychologists

9

The branch of psychology concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders

Clinical Psychology

10

The mental processes involved in acquiring knowledge

Cognition

11

The use of cognitive skills and strategies that increase the probability of a desired outcome

Critical Thinking

12

The widely shared customs, beliefs, norms, institutions, and other products of a community that are transmitted socially across generations

Culture

13

Sending a weak electric current into a brain structure to stimulate (activate) it

Electrical Stimulation of the Brain (ESB)

14

The premise that knowledge should be acquired through observation

Empiricism

15

The tendency to view one's own group as superior to others and as the standard for judging the worth of foreign ways

Ethnocentrism

16

Theoretical perspective that examines behavioral processes in terms of their adaptive value for a species over the course of many generations

Evolutionary Psychology

17

A school of psychology based on the belief that psychology should investigate the function or purpose of consciousness, rather than its structure

Functionalism

18

DNA segments that serve as the key functional units in heredity transmission

Genes

19

A theoretical orientation that emphasizes the idea that the whole is greater than the sum of the part

Humanism

20

A theoretical orientation based on the idea that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts

Gestalt Psychology

21

The branch of psychology concerned with the application of psychological principles the applications of psychological principles to the workplace

Industrial and Organizational (I/O)

22

Careful, systematic observation of one's own conscious experience

Introspection

23

Principle stating that heritable characteristics that provide a survival reproductive advantage are more likely than alternative characteristics to be passed on to subsequent generations and thus come to be "selected" over time

Natural Selection

24

The process of forming impressions of others

Person Perspective

25

Physicians who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders

Psychiatrists

26

A branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders

Psychiatry

27

An insight therapy that emphasizes the recovery of unconscious conflicts, motives, and defenses through techniques such as free association and transference

Psychoanalysis

28

A theory developed by Freud that attempts to explain personality, motivation, and mental disorders by focusing on unconscious determinants of behavior

Psychoanalytic Theory

29

A standardized measure of a sample of a person's behavior

Psychological test

30

The science that studies behavior and the physiological and cognitive processes that underlie it, and the profession that applies the accumulated knowledge of this science to practical problems

Psychology

31

A collection of beliefs about one's own nature, unique qualities, and typical behavior

Self-Concept

32

The branch of psychology concerned with the way individuals' thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by others

Social Psychology

33

A study system designed to promote effective reading by means of five step: survey question, read, recite, and review

SQ3R

34

A school of psychology based on the notion that the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and to investigate how these elements are related

Scructuralism

35

The registration of sensory input without conscious awareness

Subliminal Perception

36

The ability to use the characteristics and format of a cognitive test to maximize one's score

Testwiseness

37

A system of interrelated ideas that are used to explain a set of observations

Theory