Flashcards in Chapter 2 review Deck (26):
describe the four step problem solving model referred to as SARA
identifying problems commonly associated w/ traditional policing does not __________?
stop crime trends
what is herman gold-stein's definition of a problem?
a cluster of similar related or recurring incidents rather than a singular incident
what is the CAPS program?
chicago alternative policing strategy - more proactive than reactive - community oriented department - improve quality of life
define compastat and identify core principles as presented in the new york police department model
enhance crime fighting and management accountability "comp" computer - Stat/statistics - william bratton 1990's N.Y.
define some of todays new police strategies such as hot spots policing, intelligence led policing & predictive policing
geographic based / focus police approaches & directed patrols strongly supported do more with fewer resources - ILP
geographic based/focus police approaches & directed patrols strongly supported
do more with fewer resources - ILP
List & briefly describe some of the more common crime analysis techniques
identifies patterns & relationships (past/present/future events)
tactical crime analysis - graphic display
link analysis - graphic of associated relationship
strategic - crime/social problems in area
telephone toll analysis - reports of telephone hilling of (S) illegal drug trafficking
visual inv. analysis charity/degre of involvement of subjects
case analysis computerized large data retationship/assoc.
intelligence analysis - i.d. of offenders assoc. w/ gangs etc.
describe a geographic information system and explain how such a system enhances police services
maps criminal events/illustrate crime patterns
1) statistical spatial analysis
2) spatial modeling through environment design find hot spots
what has been the impact of information technologies on the police?
provide information through technology towards proactive knowledge based practices
Define Community Policing
reintegrate police w/community
What does compstat do?
Force commanders to address crime & social problems & address immediately...
1) timely intel & statistics crime info based on geographic settings & areas
2) Rapid deployment of resources particularly combining uniform patrol with under cover ops
3) effective tactics & strategies of enforcement that focus on visible street crimes or quality of life crimes
4) relentless follow up & assessment - accountability
SARA stands for
Chicago p.d. moved from a more traditional - reactive to?
more productive & community oriented departmen.
Key features of CAPS ( Chicago Alternative Policing Strategy)
communication & marketing structured response to calls for police service emphasis on crime & problem analysis through Compstat process
what is evidence based policing
use best available research
utilizes scientific method to i.d., implement, evaluate, & modify effective in reducing crime.
_____ is a proactive approach to crime and disorder that uses information and analytical tools to achieve the goal of crime prevention while requiring fewer resources.
predictive policing approach
crime analysis is used by police departments to
organize massive raw information from data bases used in automated records systems and forecast future events
tactical crime analysis focuses on ?
recent criminal incidents through examination of how, when, where activity occurred helps i.d. suspect and clearance
What is GIS?
geographical information system - maps criminal events along with results of several environmental criminology studies illustrates crime patterns
What are the two types of crime mapping?
statistical spatial analysis & spatial modeling
artificial intelligence is used to?
see, hear, walk, talk, feel - shift from data processing to intel processing knowledge - science & technology based on discipline - computer science - biology-psychology
what is the internet
worldwide network of computer systems and other computer networks that offers the opportunity for sending information to and receiving information from vast audience from around the world
what is community policing
customized police service
community places emphasis on scrutiny of police?