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Flashcards in Chapter 2 review Deck (26):
1

describe the four step problem solving model referred to as SARA

Scanning
Analyze
Response
assessment

2

identifying problems commonly associated w/ traditional policing does not __________?

stop crime trends

3

what is herman gold-stein's definition of a problem?

a cluster of similar related or recurring incidents rather than a singular incident

4

what is the CAPS program?

chicago alternative policing strategy - more proactive than reactive - community oriented department - improve quality of life

5

define compastat and identify core principles as presented in the new york police department model

enhance crime fighting and management accountability "comp" computer - Stat/statistics - william bratton 1990's N.Y.

6

define some of todays new police strategies such as hot spots policing, intelligence led policing & predictive policing

geographic based / focus police approaches & directed patrols strongly supported do more with fewer resources - ILP

7

geographic based/focus police approaches & directed patrols strongly supported

do more with fewer resources - ILP

8

List & briefly describe some of the more common crime analysis techniques

identifies patterns & relationships (past/present/future events)
tactical crime analysis - graphic display
link analysis - graphic of associated relationship
strategic - crime/social problems in area
telephone toll analysis - reports of telephone hilling of (S) illegal drug trafficking
visual inv. analysis charity/degre of involvement of subjects
case analysis computerized large data retationship/assoc.
intelligence analysis - i.d. of offenders assoc. w/ gangs etc.

9

describe a geographic information system and explain how such a system enhances police services

maps criminal events/illustrate crime patterns
1) statistical spatial analysis
2) spatial modeling through environment design find hot spots

10

what has been the impact of information technologies on the police?

provide information through technology towards proactive knowledge based practices

11

Define Community Policing

reintegrate police w/community

12

What does compstat do?

Force commanders to address crime & social problems & address immediately...
1) timely intel & statistics crime info based on geographic settings & areas
2) Rapid deployment of resources particularly combining uniform patrol with under cover ops
3) effective tactics & strategies of enforcement that focus on visible street crimes or quality of life crimes
4) relentless follow up & assessment - accountability

13

SARA stands for

Scanning
Analysis
Respond
Assess

14

Chicago p.d. moved from a more traditional - reactive to?

more productive & community oriented departmen.

15

Key features of CAPS ( Chicago Alternative Policing Strategy)

communication & marketing structured response to calls for police service emphasis on crime & problem analysis through Compstat process

16

what is evidence based policing

use best available research
utilizes scientific method to i.d., implement, evaluate, & modify effective in reducing crime.

17

_____ is a proactive approach to crime and disorder that uses information and analytical tools to achieve the goal of crime prevention while requiring fewer resources.

predictive policing approach

18

crime analysis is used by police departments to

organize massive raw information from data bases used in automated records systems and forecast future events

19

tactical crime analysis focuses on ?

recent criminal incidents through examination of how, when, where activity occurred helps i.d. suspect and clearance

20

What is GIS?

geographical information system - maps criminal events along with results of several environmental criminology studies illustrates crime patterns

21

What are the two types of crime mapping?

statistical spatial analysis & spatial modeling

22

artificial intelligence is used to?

see, hear, walk, talk, feel - shift from data processing to intel processing knowledge - science & technology based on discipline - computer science - biology-psychology

23

what is the internet

worldwide network of computer systems and other computer networks that offers the opportunity for sending information to and receiving information from vast audience from around the world

24

what is community policing

crime prevention
public scrutiny
accountability
customized police service
Community organization

25

community places emphasis on scrutiny of police?
T/F

True

26

what is one of the core principles of compstat?

Rapid deployment of resources - presence of uniformed patrol, working in concert with undercover