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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Key terms Deck (74):
1

Air raid wardens

patrol during WWII make sure no lights showing (police/civic groups)

2

black September organization (BSO):

terrorist group

3

bootlegger:

smuggled alcohol

4

boston police strike (1919)

a strike that killed unionization until 1960's

5

bum blockades

police blocked immigrants from city - during depression - drain on gov.

6

carpet baggers

northerners who came south suitcase cheap carpet

7

challenge of crime in a free society

1967 gov. called for improvement of criminal justice system

8

Cesar chavez

farm worker civil rights activist wanted better working conditions and better pay

9

city manager movement

management style began 1908 stanton, Va

10

Civil right act 1964

Fed. law invalidated jim crow law. Title 7 illegal to discriminate in bus. and unions (did not apply to state and local gov. )

11

commission on accreditation of law enforcement agencies: CALEA

created 1979 accredits L.E. agencies that meet list of standards

12

community oriented policing

1980's philosophy services to neighborhoods/business used with problem oriented policing

13

Dillinger, John

Bank robber killed 1934 by FBI - end lawless era

14

Dustbowl

dried out prairie states/immigrated for better life (OKIES)

15

Equal Opportunity Employment

1972 amend title 7 include state and local gov.

16

evidence based policing (EBP)

policing practices based on evidence from larry sherman article

17

fores act

1870 - fed. legislation combat KKK

18

fosdick, raymond

author played major role in Cleveland foundation study

19

freedman's bureau

federal agency provided assistance after civil war

20

frontier closing

1890 - official date of closure of frontier - transition from rural to urban society

21

president garfield

assassinated by frustrated patronage - momentum for pendelton act

22

greensboro massacre (N.C.)

brutal attack 1979 - on african americans by KKK and american nazi party

23

president harrison

accused of prostitution of public service

24

Hispanic american police command officer

Ass. HAPCOA 1973 - provides training and other opportunities for members

25

International association of chiefs of police

organization, international, federal, state & local police agencies of all sizes

26

international ass. of police women

organization 1969 - 1926

27

kansas city preventive patrol study

trilogy of research and experiments that rocked policing 1970's

28

MLK

civil rights leader

29

KKK

founded in 1866

30

lexow committee

1894-1895 examined corruption new york police department

31

lynching

initially severe beating now illegal hanging - rough justice

32

military model

theory war against crime, police, front line soldier

33

muckrakers

journalists & writers expose corruption and abuses

34

national academy

institution founded 1934 train state & local L.E.

35

national association of american asian law enforcement

2002 fosters leadership, fraternal enrichment and advancement

36

national ass. of women L.E. exec.

establish unique needs of women holding senior positions

37

national commission on law observance and law enforcement

1929 first national comprehensive study of police 1929

38

national criminal justice reference service

on line reference source for criminal justice students

39

NOBLE

national organization Black L.E. executives 1976 elimination of racism and bias

40

national sheriffs association

1940 provides education and training

41

carry nation

wctu activist gained notoriety for hatchitations ripped alcohol kegs w/ axe

42

patronage:

rewarding voters for their loyalty not ability - useful in applying qualified supporters who can help politicians implement their policies

43

Sir Robert Peel

force behind London Metropolitan police 1829

44

Pendleton Act:

Federal Legislation 1883 - establishing u.s. civil service comission

45

Police executive research forum:

group formed to do research and public policy work of interest to the larger jurisdiction founding it.

46

popular front for the liberation of palestine

terrorist organization

47

Pinkerton national detective agency

private det. agency excelled tracking outlaws

48

Police Administration

O.W. Wilson - book - bible of police admin. profess. model of policing.

49

Political Machine

tight controlled political party headed by boss/autocratic group. Purpose - win elections for personal gain. corruption

50

politics:

control over gov. including police

51

POST'S

Peace officer standards and training commission organization that played important role in police professionalization

52

Prohibition

1919-1933

53

Rand Criminal Investigation Study

Trilogy of research rocked policing in 1970's

54

ration books

divert food to service members in WWII 1942

55

Reformation period

reformers sought to free policing from political abuses and corruption - - 1 arouse apathetic public - 2 conceptual model to drive it

56

residency requirements

live in community 6mo. or 1 yr. - protect jobs from local tax paying residents

57

ruby ridge

1992 Idaho standoff (weaver family)

58

singleton Benjamin "Pap"

former Tennessee slaves promoted founding of African American townships in Kansas after the civil war.

59

Slave patrol

hunted slaves

60

snatch racket

1920's & 1930's gangster term "kidnapping"

61

speakeasies

illegal bars - prohibition

62

team policing

reshape how police resources used - reduce specialization and enlarging the role of uniformed patrol officers "part of trilogy that rocked 1970's"

63

temperance movement

late 19th century anti-alcohol movement - church based

64

unequal badge

african american officers southern communities - walked beats in african american bus. locations - not allowed to arrest Caucasian - " ugly incident (until early 1960's)

65

untouchables

treasury agents under elliot ness assigned to chicago who couldn't be corrupted

66

victory gardens;

small household gardens planted during WWII - Personal consumption

67

August Vollmer (GUS)

Father of modern L.E.

68

Volstead act

prohibition act

69

Waco

Texas city 1993 - 51 day fed. siege david koresh - fed fatalities & 75 civilians

70

Watergate scandal

petty burglary led to pres. nixons resignation

71

charles whitman

1st mass murder - college campus 1966

72

wickersham commission

see national commission on law observance and law enforcement 1929

73

O.W.

Wilson - chief of several jurisdictions studied under Vollmer

74

Zero Tolerance Policing

Premise that small infraction ignored it creates a climate to more serious crime.