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Flashcards in chapter 6 key terms Deck (15):
1

decentralization:

the process of distributing the administrative functions or powers of an organization among all levels of the structure.

2

functional structure:

a modified line and staff structure that brings together trained specialists and specialized resources under a single manager to accomplish a core responsibility.

3

horizontal differentiation:

an organizational design that is structured based on activity rather than rank.

4

informal organization:

an unofficial structure within an organization, often based on personal relationships, that has its own goals, communications, and behavior patterns.

5

line structure:

the oldest, simplest, and clearest form of organizational design; authority flows from the top to the bottom of the organization in a clear and unbroken line.

6

line and staff structure:

an organizational structure that retains basic elements from line structure but adds auxiliary and administrative support units.

7

matrix (or grid) structure:

an organizational design that assigns members of functional areas to specific projects, such as a task force.

8

organizing:

the process of determining the formal structure of task and authority relationships best suited to accomplish a mission.

9

principle of hierarchy:

a requirement that each lower level of the organization be supervised by a higher level.

10

sector policing:

an innovative and proactive approach to structuring law enforcement crimefighting strategies, personnel deployment, allocation of resources, and accountability to a geographical zone or area.

11

span of management:

the number of personnel a supervisor can personally manage effectively.

12

specialization:

a division of labor wherein specific jobs and tasks are allocated to meet different responsibilities with those specially qualified or trained to perform

13

structure:

an organizational design that assigns members of functional areas to specific projects, such as a task force.

14

vertical differentiation:

an organizational design based on levels of authority within an organization.

15

city-county consolidated governments:

a city and county that have merged into one unified jurisdiction, having the powers and responsibilities of both a municipal corporation (city) and the administrative division of a state (county).