Chapter 6 Reading Quiz Prep Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Reading Quiz Prep Deck (40):
1

classical conditioning

learning by linking multiple stimuli and anticipate events

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behaviorism

psychology is an objective science/ studies behavior without referencing mental processes

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unconditioned response

unlearned response to unconditioned stimulus- salvation when food is in the dogs mouth

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unconditioned stimulus

naturally and automatically triggers a response

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conditioned stimulus

classical conditioning- irrelevant stimulus that after association with unconditioned stimulus triggers a conditioned response

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cs

controlled stimulus

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cr

controlled response

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us

uncontrolled stimulus

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ur

uncontrolled response

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acquisition

strengthening of reinforced response

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extinction

lack of conditioned response

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spontaneous recovery

reappearance after a pause of an extinguished conditioned response

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generalization

tendency for controlled response for similar stimuli to elicit similar responses

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discrimination

learned ability to distinguish between a controlled and irrelevant simulus

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respondent behavior

automatic response to stimulus

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operant conditioning

actions associated with consequences

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shaping

procedure using rewards to guide actions to perform a behavior

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law of effect

behaviors followed by reward become more likely

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reinforcer

event strengthening a preceding response

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primary reinforcer

getting food when hungry; unlearned

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conditioned reinforcer

learned associations with primary reinforcers; if you know turning on a light brings food you will work to turn on the light

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positive reinforcement

stimulus when presented after strengthens response

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negative reinforcement

when removed after response, strengthens response.- no alarm will decrease hitting the snooze button or becoming more tired

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fixedp ration schedule

reinforces responses only after a specified number of responses

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partial reinforcement

intermittent;slower acquisition greater resistance to extinction

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continuous reinforcement

reinforcing the desired response every time it occurs

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variable-ratio schedule

reinforces responses after an unpredictable number of responses

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fixed-interval schedule

reinforces a response after a specified time period has occured

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variable-interval schedule

reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals

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cognitive map

mental representation

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latent learning

occurs but is not apparent until an incentive to demonstrate it

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insight

sudden and often realization of the solution to a problem

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intrinsic motivation

desire to perform behavior for own sake

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extrinsic motivation

desire to perform behavior to received promised awards or avoid punishment

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obervational learning

learning by observing others; social learning

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modeling

process of observing and imitating specific behavior

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mirror neurons may

enable imitation and empathy

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mirror neurons are

frontal lobe neurons

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mirror neurons fire

when performing certain actions or observing another doing so

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prosocial behavior

positive, constructive helpful behavior