Chapter 8 Reading Quiz! Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Reading Quiz! Deck (55):
1

Motivation

Need or desire energizes or directs behavior

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Instinct

Unlearned; complex behavior with fixed pattern in species

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Drive-reduction theory

A psychological need creates and aroused state driving the organism to reduce the need

4

Tension state

a drive

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Drive reduction theory

An animal Drinking- due to thirst

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Homeostasis

Maintenance of a steady internal state

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Incentive

Positive or negative stimulus that motivates behavior

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Hierarchy of needs created by

Abraham Maslow

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Hierarchy of needs

Priority of needs organized

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Order or Hierarchy of needs

Bottom to top:
- Physiological needs
- Safety needs
- Belongingness and love needs
- Esteem needs
- Self-actualization needs
- Self Transcendence needs

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Physiological needs

To satisfy hunger and thirst

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Safety needs

- Love
- Acceptance
- Avoid loneliness/separation

13

Esteem needs

- Achievement
- Self esteem
- Recognition
- Respect
- Independence

14

Self-actualization

Need to live up to our fulllest and unique potential

15

Self-transcendence needs

Find meaning & identity beyond self

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Glucose

Form of sugar found in blood

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Glucose provides

A major source of energy for body tissues

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Set point

How body restores weight by becoming hungry and lowering metabolic rates

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Basal metabolic rate

Bodys resting rate of energy spending

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anorexia nervosa

Eating disorder in which an individual diets to be underweight and starves continuously

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bulimia nervosa

Eating disorder characterized by overeating followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting and excessive exercise

22

Binge-eating disorder

Significant episodes of overeating followed by distress, disgust or guilt

23

Sexual response cycle

Four stages of sexual responding

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Sexual responding described as

Masters and Johnson

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Sexual response cycle includes

Excitement, plateau, orgasm and resolution

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Refractory period

Resting period after orgasm

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During a refractory period men

cannot achieve another orgasm

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estrogens are

sex hormones

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testosterone is higher in

men

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tesosterone stimulates males

growth of sex organs and developments during puberty

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emotion

a response involivng physiological arousal, expressive behaviors and conscious experinece

32

James-Lang theory

Experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses responses to emotion-arousing stimuli

33

Cannon-bard theory

Emotion arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers physiological responses and the subjective experience of emotion

34

two-factor theory or

Schachter-Singer

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Two-factor theory

To experience emotion one must be physically aroused and cognitively label the arousal

36

Facial feedback

The effect of facial expressions intensifying the feeling of happiness/anger

37

Catharis

emotional release of aggressive energy through action or fantasy relieves aggressive urges

38

feel-good do-good phenomenon

peoples tendency to be helpful when already in a good mood

39

well-being

self-perceived happiness or satisfaction with lifeq

40

adaptation-level phenomenon

our tendency to form judgments of sounds, light or income do to a neutral from prior experience

41

relative deprivation

the sense we are worse of than others whom we compare ourselves

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behavioral medicine

Field integrating behavioral and medical knowledge and applied to knowledge of health and disease

43

health psychology

provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine

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stress

how we respond to certain events

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general adaptations syndrome (GAS)

Concept of the body's adaptive response tp stress

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three phases of general adaptations syndrome

Alarm, resistance, exhaustion

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Coronary heart disease

the clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart mucscle

48

Coronary heart disease is

The leading cause of death in North America

49

Type A

Competitive, Hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, anger-prone people

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Type B

Easy going relaxed people

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Who came up with "Type A & Type B'?

Friedman and Rosenman

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Psychophysiological illness

mind-body illness

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Psychophysiological illness examples

hypertension ann headicase

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Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)

Study of psychological, neural and endocrine processes affect immune system

55

lymphocytes

Two types of white blood cells, that are part of the immune system