Chapter 9 Unit Test/Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Unit Test/Quiz Deck (56):
1

zygote is a

fertilized egg

2

A zygote becomes an embryo after

2 weeks

3

embryo

developing organism

4

Embryo remains for

two months

5

fetus

developing human organism

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human organism from 9 weeks after conception until

birth

7

teratogens

chemicals/viruses may damage development

8

fetal alcohol syndrome caused by

Pregnant mothers heavy drinking

9

FAS may result in

Misproportions and symptoms

10

habituation

decreasing response with repeated stimulation

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Habituation example

When infants are repeatedly exposed to visual stimuli they loose interest sooner

12

maturation

changes in behavior

13

maturation

is not impacted by experience

14

cognition

mental activiies

15

Cognition associates:

thinking,knowing,remembering and communication

16

schema

concept that organizes/interprets info

17

assimilation

interpreting new experiences based on our prior molds (schemas)

18

accommodation

adjusting our schemas to incorporate new information

19

sensorimotor stage developed by

Piaget

20

sensorimotor stage

infants understand world in terms of impressions and motor activities

21

object permanence

awareness that thing continue to exist even when not seen

22

preoperational stage is found in

Piaget's theory

23

Preoperational stage occurs from

2-7 years of age

24

Preoperation stage includes

children use language without comprehending mental operations/concrete logic

25

conservation

properties: mass,volume, and number remain the same despite changes in objects- found in Piaget's theory

26

conservation example:

amount of milk staying the same even in a different glass

27

egocentrism

principle of Piaget's theory

28

Egocentrism

difficulty perceiving things form another's point of view

29

theory of mind created by

David Premack adn Guy Woodruff

30

Theory of mind

Allows individuals to understand others mental states

31

theory of mind example

understanding what made someone mad without direct statement

32

Concrete operational stage

allow children to think logically regarding concrete events- (change in form doesn't mean change in quantity)

33

Concrete operational stage occurs in

6-11 year olds

34

formal operational stage

thinking logically regarding abstract concepts- (if this then that)

35

formal operational stage begins at age

12

36

stranger anxiety

fear of strangers

37

stranger anxiety begins at

8 months

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attachment

Emotional tie resulting in closeness and distress

39

critical period

Period after birth when exposure to stimuli produce proper development

40

imprinting

certain animals form attachments during a critical period

41

temperament

persons characteristic emotional reactivity/intensity

42

basic trust

sense that world is predictable and reliable

43

self-concept

understanding/evaluation of who we are

44

permissive

parents submitting to childrens desires

45

authoritative

demanding/responsive- enforce rules and explain

46

authoritarian

impose rules and expect obedience

47

gender

socially influenced characteristics by which people define male/female

48

aggression

physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt another

49

gender role

expectations for male/female

50

role

set of norms about a social position

51

x chromosome

found in men and women

52

y chromosome

only found in males- when paired with a womans y chromosome produces a male child

53

testosterone

stimulates growth of sex organs

54

gender identity

sense of being male/female

55

gender typing

traditionally a masculine/feminine role

56

social learning theory

learn social behavior by observing/imitating and being rewarded or punished