Characteristics Used to Name Muscles Flashcards Preview

KIN 260 > Characteristics Used to Name Muscles > Flashcards

Flashcards in Characteristics Used to Name Muscles Deck (39):
1

rectus

parallel to midline

2

transverse

perpendicular to midline

3

oblique

diagonal to midline

4

maximus

largest

5

minimus

smallest

6

longus

long

7

brevis

short

8

latissimus

widest

9

longissimus

longest

10

magnus

large

11

major

larger

12

minor

small

13

vastus

huge

14

deltoid

triangular

15

trapezius

trapezoid

16

serratus

saw-toothed

17

rhomboid

diamond-shaped

18

orbicularis

circular

19

pectinate

comblike

20

piriformis

pear-shaped

21

platys

flat

22

quadratus

square, four-sided

23

gracilis

slender

24

flexor

decreases joint angle

25

extensor

increases joint angle

26

abductor

moves bone away from midline

27

adductor

moves bone closer to midline

28

levator

raises/elevates body part

29

depressor

lowers/depresses body part

30

supinator

turns palm anteriorly

31

pronator

turns palm posteriorly

32

sphincter

decrease size of an opening

33

tensor

makes body part rigid

34

rotator

rotates bone around longitudinal axis

35

biceps

2 origins

36

triceps

3 origins

37

quadriceps

4 origins

38

Location

structure near which a muscle is found
ex) Temporalis - muscle near temporal bone

39

Origin & Insertion

sites where muscle originates & inserts
ex) sternocleidomastoid - originating on sternum & clavicle and inserting on mastoid portion of temporal bone