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1

 

Two branches of science that deal with body’s parts and function 

 

 

Anatomy & Physiology

2

Anatomy

 

The science of body structures and relationships

- First studies by dissection (cutting apart)
- Imaging techniques 

 

3

Physiology

 

The science of body functions 

 

4

Basic Life Processes (6)

1) metabolism

2) responsiveness

3) movement

4) growth

5) differentiation

6) reproduction

5

Descriptions of the human body assume a specific stance - Anatomical position (6) 

 

 

 


 

body upright

standing erect facing observer 

head & eyes facing forward

feet are flat on the floor & forward

upper limbs to sides

palms turned forward

6

Terms for a reclining body (2) 

1) prone

2) supine

7

Prone position

body is lying face down

8

Supine position

body is lying face up

9



 

Directional Terms 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


describe the?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

position of one body part relative to another 

group in pairs with opposite meaning

10

Directional Terms for front & back 

anterior (front) view

posterior (back) view

11

 


 

___________ Nearer to the front of the body

 

 

anterior

12

___________Nearer to the back of the body

 

posterior

13

___________Toward the head

 

superior

14

___________Away from the head 

inferior

15

 


 

___________Nearer to the attachment of a limb to the trunk

 

 

proximal

16

___________Farther from the attachment of a limb to the trunk

 

distal

17

___________Farther from the midline

 

lateral

18

___________Nearer to the midline 

medial

19

____ between 2 structures

intermediate 

20

__________ same side as another structure

ipsilateral

21

__________ opposite side as another structure

contralateral

22

__________ toward or on surface of body

superficial (external)

23

________away from surface of body

deep (internal)

24

Most Principal Regions (5)

Head

Neck

Trunk

Upper Limbs

Lower Limbs

25

Head Region

skull & face

26

Neck Region

 

Supports the head and attaches to trunk 

 

27

Trunk Region

chest, abdomen, pelvis

28

Upper Limb Region

attaches to trunk (shoulder, armpit & arm)

29

Lower Limb Region

attaches to trunk (buttock, thigh, leg, ankle & foot)

30

Planes

imaginary flat surfaces that pass through the body parts