classic/relevant treatments 1 Flashcards Preview

2016 Rapid Review! > classic/relevant treatments 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in classic/relevant treatments 1 Deck (42):
1

Absence seizures

Ethosuximide

2

Acute gout attack


NSAIDs, colchicine, glucocorticoids

3

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)

All-trans retinoid acid (vitamin A)

4

ADHD

Methylphenidate, CBT, atomoxetine, guanfacine, clonidine

5

Alcoholism

Disulfiram, acamprosate, naltrexone, supportive care

6

Alcohol withdrawal

Long-acting benzodiazepines

7

Anorexia

Nutrition, psychotherapy, mirtazapine

8

Arrhythmia in damaged cardiac tissue

Class IB antiarrhythmic (lidocaine, mexiletine)

9

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

α1-antagonists, 5α-reductase inhibitors, PDE-5 inhibitors

10

Bipolar disorder

Mood stabilizers (eg, lithium, valproic acid, carbamazepine), atypical antipsychotics

11

Breast cancer in postmenopausal woman

Aromatase inhibitor (anastrozole)

12

Buerger disease

Smoking cessation

13

Bulimia nervosa

SSRIs

14

Candida albicans

Topical azoles (vaginitis); nystatin, fluconazole, caspofungin (oral/esophageal); fluconazole, caspofungin, amphotericin B (systemic)

15

Carcinoid syndrome

Octreotide

16

Chlamydia trachomatis

Doxycycline (+ ceftriaxone for gonorrhea coinfection), erythromycin eye drops (prophylaxis in infants)

17

Chronic gout

Xanthine oxidase inhibitors (eg, allopurinol, febuxostat); pegloticase; probenecid

18

Chronic hepatitis B or C

IFN-α (HBV and HCV); ribavirin, simeprevir, sofosbuvir (HCV)

19

Chronic myelogenous leukemia

Imatinib

20

Clostridium botulinum

Antitoxin

21

Clostridium difficile

Oral metronidazole; if refractory, oral vancomycin

22

Clostridium tetani

Antitoxin

23

CMV

Ganciclovir, foscarnet, cidofovir

24

Crohn disease

Corticosteroids, infliximab, azathioprine

25

Cryptococcus neoformans

Fluconazole (in AIDS patients)

26

Cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis

Mesna

27

Depression

SSRIs (first-line)

28

Diabetes insipidus

Desmopressin (central); hydrochlorothiazide, indomethacin, amiloride (nephrogenic)

29

Diabetes mellitus type 1

Dietary intervention (low carbohydrate) + insulin replacement

30

Diabetes mellitus type 2

Dietary intervention, oral hypoglycemics, and insulin (if refractory)

31

Diabetic ketoacidosis

Fluids, insulin, K+

32

Drug of choice for anticoagulation during pregnancy

Heparin

33

Enterococci

Vancomycin, aminopenicillins/cephalosporins

34

Erectile dysfunction

Sildenafil, tadalafil, vardenafil

35

ER ⊕ breast cancer

Tamoxifen

36

Ethylene glycol/methanol intoxication

Fomepizole (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor)

37

Haemophilus influenzae (B)

Rifampin (prophylaxis)

38

Generalized anxiety disorder

SSRIs, SNRIs (first line); buspirone (second line)

39

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener)

Cyclophosphamide, corticosteroids

40

Heparin reversal

Protamine sulfate

41

HER2/neu ⊕ breast cancer

Trastuzumab

42

Hyperaldosteronism

Spironolactone