classic/relevant treatments 2 Flashcards Preview

2016 Rapid Review! > classic/relevant treatments 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in classic/relevant treatments 2 Deck (47):
1

Hypercholesterolemia

Statin (first-line)

2

Hypertriglyceridemia

Fibrate
("Vibrates" lower VDLDs (TGs))

3

Immediate anticoagulation

Heparin

4

Infertility

Leuprolide, GnRH (pulsatile), clomiphene

5

Influenza

Oseltamivir, zanamivir

6

Kawasaki disease

IVIG, high-dose aspirin

7

Legionella pneumophila

Macrolides (eg, azithromycin)

8

Long-term anticoagulation

Warfarin, dabigatran, rivaroxaban and apixaban

9

Malaria

Chloroquine, mefloquine, atovaquone/proguanil (for blood schizont), primaquine (for liver hypnozoite)

10

Malignant hyperthermia

Dantrolene

11

Medical abortion

Mifepristone

12

Migraine

Abortive therapies (eg, sumatriptan, NSAIDs); prophylaxis (eg, propranolol, topiramate, CCBs, amitriptyline)

13

Multiple sclerosis

Disease-modifying therapies (eg, β-interferon, natalizumab); for acute flares, use IV steroids

14

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

RIPE (rifampin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, ethambutol)

15

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Ceftriaxone (add doxycycline to cover likely concurrent C trachomatis)

16

Neisseria meningitidis

Penicillin/ceftriaxone, rifampin (prophylaxis)

17

Neural tube defect prevention

Prenatal folic acid

18

Osteomalacia/rickets

Vitamin D supplementation

19

Osteoporosis

Calcium/vitamin D supplementation (prophylaxis); bisphosphonates, PTH analogs, SERMs, calcitonin,
denosumab (treatment)

20

Patent ductus arteriosus

Close with indomethacin; keep open with PGE analogs

21

Pheochromocytoma

α-antagonists (eg, phenoxybenzamine)

22

Pneumocystis jirovecii

TMP-SMX (prophylaxis and treatment in immunosuppressed patients)

23

Prolactinoma

Cabergoline/bromocriptine (dopamine agonists)

24

Prostate adenocarcinoma/uterine fibroids

Leuprolide, GnRH (continuous)

25

Prostate adenocarcinoma

Flutamide

26

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Antipseudomonal penicillins, aminoglycosides, carbapenems

27

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (idiopathic)

Sildenafil, bosentan, epoprostenol

28

Rickettsia rickettsii

Doxycycline, chloramphenicol

29

Schizophrenia (negative symptoms)

Atypical antipsychotics

30

Schizophrenia (positive symptoms)

Typical and atypical antipsychotics

31

SIADH

Fluid restriction, IV hypertonic saline, conivaptan/tolvaptan, demeclocycline

32

Sickle cell disease

Hydroxyurea (^fetal hemoglobin)

33

Sporothrix schenckii

Itraconazole, oral potassium iodide

34

Stable angina

Sublingual nitroglycerin

35

Staphylococcus aureus

MSSA: nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin (antistaphylococcal penicillins); MRSA: vancomycin, daptomycin, linezolid, ceftaroline

36

Streptococcus bovis

Penicillin prophylaxis; evaluation for colon cancer if linked to endocarditis

37

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Penicillin/cephalosporin (systemic infection, pneumonia), vancomycin (meningitis)

38

Streptococcus pyogenes

Penicillin prophylaxis

39

Temporal arteritis

High-dose steroids

40

Tonic-clonic seizures

Levetiracetam, phenytoin, valproate, carbamazepine

41

Toxoplasma gondii

Sulfadiazine + pyrimethamine

42

Treponema pallidum

Penicillin

43

Trichomonas vaginalis

Metronidazole (patient and partner)

44

Trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux)

Carbamazepine

45

Ulcerative colitis

5-ASA preparations (eg, mesalamine), 6-mercaptopurine, infliximab, colectomy

46

UTI prophylaxis

TMP-SMX

47

Warfarin reversal

Fresh frozen plasma (acute), vitamin K (non-acute)