key associations 2 Flashcards Preview

2016 Rapid Review! > key associations 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in key associations 2 Deck (45):
1

Gastric cancer

Adenocarcinoma

2

Glomerulonephritis (adults)

Berger disease (IgA nephropathy)

3

Gynecologic malignancy

Endometrial carcinoma (most common in US); cervical carcinoma (most common worldwide)

4

Heart murmur, congenital

Mitral valve prolapse

5

Heart valve in bacterial endocarditis

Mitral > aortic (rheumatic fever), tricuspid (IV drug abuse)

6

Helminth infection (US)

Enterobius vermicularis, Ascaris lumbricoides

7

Hematoma—epidural

Rupture of middle meningeal artery (trauma; lentiform shaped)

8

Hematoma—subdural

Rupture of bridging veins (crescent shaped)

9

Hemochromatosis

Multiple blood transfusions or hereditary HFE mutation (can result in heart failure, “bronze diabetes,” and ^risk of hepatocellular carcinoma)

10

Hepatocellular carcinoma

Cirrhotic liver (associated with hepatitis B and C and with alcoholism)

11

Hereditary bleeding disorder

von Willebrand disease

12

Hereditary harmless jaundice

Gilbert syndrome (benign congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia)

13

HLA-B27

Psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, IBD-associated arthritis, reactive arthritis (formerly Reiter syndrome)

14

HLA-DR3

Diabetes mellitus type 1, SLE, Graves disease, Hashimoto thyroiditis, Addison disease

15

HLA-DR4

Diabetes mellitus type 1, rheumatoid arthritis, Addison disease

16

Holosystolic murmur

VSD, tricuspid regurgitation, mitral regurgitation

17

Virchow triad

Hypercoagulability, endothelial damage, blood stasis (^risk of thrombosis)

18

Hypertension, 2°

Renal artery stenosis, chronic kidney disease (eg, polycystic kidney disease, diabetic nephropathy), hyperaldosteronism

19

Hypoparathyroidism

Accidental excision during thyroidectomy

20

Hypopituitarism Pituitary

adenoma (usually benign tumor)

21

Infection 2° to blood transfusion

Hepatitis C

22

Infections in chronic granulomatous disease

S aureus, E coli, Aspergillus (catalase ⊕)

23

all catalase ⊕ organisms

Cats Need PLACESS to Belch their Hairballs.

Nocardia, Pseudomonas, Listeria, Aspergillus, Candida, E coli, Staphylococci, Serratia, B cepacia, H pylori

24

Intellectual disability

Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome

25

Kidney stones

ƒ-Calcium = radiopaque
ƒ-Struvite (ammonium) = radiopaque (formed by urease ⊕ organisms such as Klebsiella, Proteus species, and S saprophyticus)
-Uric acid = radiolucent ƒ
-Cystine = radiolucent

26

Late cyanotic shunt (uncorrected left to right becomes right to left)

Eisenmenger syndrome (caused by ASD, VSD, PDA; results in pulmonary hypertension/polycythemia)

27

Liver disease

Alcoholic cirrhosis

28

Lysosomal storage disease

Gaucher disease

29

Male cancer

Prostatic carcinoma

30

Malignancy associated with noninfectious fever

Hodgkin lymphoma

31

Malignancy (kids)

ALL, medulloblastoma (cerebellum)

32

Metastases to bone

Prostate, breast > lung > thyroid

33

Metastases to brain

Lung > breast > genitourinary > melanoma > GI

34

Metastases to liver

Colon >> stomach, pancreas

35

Microcytic anemia

Iron deficiency

36

Mitochondrial inheritance

Disease occurs in both males and females, inherited through females only

37

Mitral valve stenosis

Rheumatic heart disease

38

Mixed (UMN and LMN) motor neuron disease

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

39

Myocarditis

Coxsackie B

40

Nephrotic syndrome (adults)

Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis

41

Nephrotic syndrome (kids)

Minimal change disease

42

Neuron migration failure

Kallmann syndrome (hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia)

43

Nosocomial pneumonia

S aureus, Pseudomonas, other enteric gram ⊝ rods

44

Obstruction of male urinary tract

BPH

45

Opening snap

Mitral stenosis