Flashcards in CLPS 0010 Readings - Chapter 10 Deck (16):
What are primary emotions?
Evolutionarily adaptive, shared across cultures, associated with specific physical states; anger, fear, sadness, disgust, happiness, surprise, contempt
What are secondary emotions?
Blends on primary emotions; remorse, guilty, submission, anticipation
What is the James-Lange theory of emotion?
We perceive specific patterns of bodily responses and as a result of that perception we feel emotion
What is the Cannon-Bard theory of emotion?
The information from an emotion-producing stimulus is processed in subcortical structures, and we experience two separate things at the same time: emotion and physical reaction
What is the facial feedback hypothesis?
Facial expressions trigger the experience of emotions, not the other way around
What is cerebral asymmetry for affect?
Right hemisphere more associated with negative affect
What is the two-factor theory of emotion?
A situation evokes a physiological response and a cognitive interpretation/emotion label
What are display rules?
Rules learned through socialization that dictate which emotions are suitable to given situations
What is the affect-as-information theory?
That we use our current moods to make judgments and appraisals even if we don’t know the sources of our moods
What are somatic markers?
Bodily reactions that arise from the emotional evaluation of an action's consequences
What is the Yerkes-Dodson law?
Performance increases with arousal up to a certain optimal point; after that, increased arousal is detrimental to performance
What is the self-determination theory?
The theory that extrinsic motivation undermines intrinsic motivation because it devalues the sense of having done something for oneself; that people are motivated to satisfy needs for competence, relatedness to others, and autonomy: personal control
What is the self-perception theory?
The theory that we attribute things retroactively when we don't understand them; draw inferences about motives according to what makes sense
What brain area strongly influences eating behavior?
Ventromedial and lateral damage to the hypothalamus affects eating in which ways?
VMH is overeating, LH is undereating