CLPS 0010 Readings - Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CLPS 0010 Readings - Chapter 9 Deck (23):
1

What is the prenatal period?

Begins with conception, ends with birth

2

What is infancy?

Begins at birth, lasts to 2 or 3 years

3

What is childhood?

Infancy to 11-14 yo

4

What is adolescence?

11-14 yo to 18-21 yo

5

What is adulthood?

18-21 yo until death

6

What is the zygote?

The first cell: sperm + egg

7

What is the embryo?

After the zygote implants; next developmental stage of prenatal period

8

What developmental changes occur within an embryo?

Organs and internal systems begin to form

9

When does an embryo become a fetus?

2 months

10

What are teratogens?

Environmental agents that harm the embryo or fetus

11

What is dynamic systems theory?

Views development as a self-organizing process, where new forms of behavior emerge through consistent interactions between a biological being and his or her cultural and environmental contexts

12

What is attachment?

A strong emotional connection that persists over time and across circumstances

13

What are Piaget's four stages of cognitive development?

Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational

14

What is assimilation?

The process by which we place new info into an existing schema

15

What is accommodation?

The process by which we create a new schema or drastically alter an existing schema to include new information that otherwise wouldn't have fit

16

What is the sensorimotor stage?

Infants acquire info about the world through senses and motor skills; reflexive responses develop into more deliberation actions through development and refinement of schemas

17

What is the preoperational stage?

Children think symbolically about objects but reason based on intuition and superficial appearance rather than logic

18

What is the concrete operational stage?

Children begin to think about and understand logical operations and no longer are fooled by appearances

19

At what stage in Piaget's cognitive development is object permanence developed?

Sensorimotor

20

What is the formal operational stage?

People can think abstractly and formulate and test hypothesis through deductive logic

21

What is preconventional moral reasoning?

Self-interest and event outcomes determine what is moral

22

What is conventional moral reasoning?

Strict adherence to societal rules and approval of others determine what is moral

23

What is postconventional moral reasoning?

Decisions about morality depend on abstract principles and the value of all life