Flashcards in CLPS 0010 Readings - Chapter 9 Deck (23):
What is the prenatal period?
Begins with conception, ends with birth
What is infancy?
Begins at birth, lasts to 2 or 3 years
What is childhood?
Infancy to 11-14 yo
What is adolescence?
11-14 yo to 18-21 yo
What is adulthood?
18-21 yo until death
What is the zygote?
The first cell: sperm + egg
What is the embryo?
After the zygote implants; next developmental stage of prenatal period
What developmental changes occur within an embryo?
Organs and internal systems begin to form
When does an embryo become a fetus?
What are teratogens?
Environmental agents that harm the embryo or fetus
What is dynamic systems theory?
Views development as a self-organizing process, where new forms of behavior emerge through consistent interactions between a biological being and his or her cultural and environmental contexts
What is attachment?
A strong emotional connection that persists over time and across circumstances
What are Piaget's four stages of cognitive development?
Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational
What is assimilation?
The process by which we place new info into an existing schema
What is accommodation?
The process by which we create a new schema or drastically alter an existing schema to include new information that otherwise wouldn't have fit
What is the sensorimotor stage?
Infants acquire info about the world through senses and motor skills; reflexive responses develop into more deliberation actions through development and refinement of schemas
What is the preoperational stage?
Children think symbolically about objects but reason based on intuition and superficial appearance rather than logic
What is the concrete operational stage?
Children begin to think about and understand logical operations and no longer are fooled by appearances
At what stage in Piaget's cognitive development is object permanence developed?
What is the formal operational stage?
People can think abstractly and formulate and test hypothesis through deductive logic
What is preconventional moral reasoning?
Self-interest and event outcomes determine what is moral
What is conventional moral reasoning?
Strict adherence to societal rules and approval of others determine what is moral