CLPS 0010 Readings - Chapter 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CLPS 0010 Readings - Chapter 12 Deck (14):
1

What is the fundamental attribution error?

Tendency to attribute people's behavior to personality rather than situational factors

2

What is correspondence bias?

Tendency to expect the behaviors of others to correspond with our own beliefs and personalities

3

What is actor/observer bias?

For ourselves, rely on situational attribution; for others, rely on personal attribution

4

What is attitude accessibility?

How easily or difficultly you can retrieve and attitude from memory

5

What is cognitive dissonance?

Uncomfortable mental state due to contradiction between two attitudes or between an attitude and a behavior

6

Elaboration likelihood model

People process persuasion through central route (full processing, strong attitudes, lasting) or peripheral route (less processing, weak impulsive attitudes, malleable)

7

Social facilitation

Others' presence enhances performance

8

Social loafing

Slacking off around others

9

Deindividuation

State of reduced individuality, reduced self-awareness, and reduced attention to personal standards; often in groups

10

Normative influence

In conformity: go along to avoid looking foolish

11

Informational influence

In conformity: go along because we assume crowd is right

12

What is the frustration-aggression hypothesis?

How frustrated you are predicts how aggressive you are

13

What is the cognitive-neoassociationistic model?

Frustration leads to aggression be eliciting negative emotions

14

What is the matching principle?

How couples who are physically similar tend to do well