Flashcards in CLPS 0010 Readings - Chapter 12 Deck (14):
What is the fundamental attribution error?
Tendency to attribute people's behavior to personality rather than situational factors
What is correspondence bias?
Tendency to expect the behaviors of others to correspond with our own beliefs and personalities
What is actor/observer bias?
For ourselves, rely on situational attribution; for others, rely on personal attribution
What is attitude accessibility?
How easily or difficultly you can retrieve and attitude from memory
What is cognitive dissonance?
Uncomfortable mental state due to contradiction between two attitudes or between an attitude and a behavior
Elaboration likelihood model
People process persuasion through central route (full processing, strong attitudes, lasting) or peripheral route (less processing, weak impulsive attitudes, malleable)
Others' presence enhances performance
Slacking off around others
State of reduced individuality, reduced self-awareness, and reduced attention to personal standards; often in groups
In conformity: go along to avoid looking foolish
In conformity: go along because we assume crowd is right
What is the frustration-aggression hypothesis?
How frustrated you are predicts how aggressive you are
What is the cognitive-neoassociationistic model?
Frustration leads to aggression be eliciting negative emotions