Flashcards in CLPS 0010 Readings - Chapter 13 Deck (15):
What is the id?
Completely submerged in unconscious, operates according to the pleasure principle
What is the superego?
Internalization of societal and parental standards of conduct
What is the ego?
Tries to satisfy the wishes of the id whole being responsive to the dictates of the superego
What happens when the id and superego are in conflict?
What is projection?
Attributing unacceptable qualities of the self to someone else
What is displacement?
Shifting the attention of emotion from one object to another
What is the person-centered approach to humanism and personality?
Emphasis on people's subjective understandings of their lives; Carl Rogers
What is the cognitive-affective personality system?
Personalities don't predict behavior: our responses are influence by how we perceive a situation and our affective responses to the situation, as well as our skills in dealing with challenges and anticipation of outcomes of our behavior
What are Eysenck's three superordinate traits?
Extroversion/introversion; psychoticism; emotional stability
What is the difference between idiographic and nomothetic approaches to personality study?
Idiographic focuses on individuals and how various characteristics are integrated in a person; nomothetic focuses on how characteristics vary from person to person
What is situationism?
Behavior is more determined by situation than personality traits
What are the three basic temperaments?
Activity level, emotionality, and sociability
What are three strategies to maintain views of self?
Self-evaluative maintenance, social comparison, and self-serving bias
What is self-evaluative maintenance?
Editing your self-concept to avoid feeling threatened when others close to you outperform you; protects self-esteem