CLPS 0010 Readings - Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CLPS 0010 Readings - Chapter 7 Deck (24):
1

What is the information processing model of memory?

Encoding, storage, and retrieval

2

What kind of memory is prominent in the prefrontal cortex?

Working memory

3

What kind of memory is prominent in the hippocampus?

Spatial memory

4

What kind of memory is prominent in the temporal lobe?

Declarative memory

5

What kind of memory is prominent in the amygdala?

Fear learning

6

What kind of memory is prominent in the cerebellum?

Motor action learning and memory

7

What is the difference between network association model and the spreading activation model of memory?

Network association = memory is activated by nodes, which increase probability of activation of related nodes; Spreading activation = activating nodes in working memory also activates nodes in long term memory to make retrieval easier

8

What is the encoding specificity principle?

The idea that any stimulus encoded along with a specific experience can later trigger memory for the experience; related to state-dependent learning

9

What is forgetting?

I dunno, I forget.

10

What are the four sins of forgetting?

Transience, absentmindedness, blocking, persistence, misattribution, suggestibility, and bias

11

What are the two types of forgetting sins, and what are their subparts?

Forgetting (transience, absentmindedness, blocking, and persistence) and distortion (misattribution, suggestibility, and bias)

12

What is transience?

Reduced memory over time

13

What is absentmindedness?

Reduced memory due to failing to pay attention

14

What is blocking?

Inability to remember need information

15

What is persistence?

The resurgence of unwanted or disturbing memories that we want to forget

16

What is misattribution?

Assigning a memory to the wrong source

17

What is suggestibility?

Altering a memory because of misleading information

18

What is bias?

Influence or current knowledge on our memory for past events

19

What is proactive interference?

When prior info inhibits the ability to remember new info

20

What is retroactive interference?

When new info inhibits the ability to remember old info

21

What causes transience?

Interference, either proactive or retroactive

22

What is retrograde vs anterograde amnesia?

Retro is for things prior, and antero is for new events

23

What is the von Restorff effect?

That distinctive events are remembered more easily than trivial ones, no matter whether they're accurate or not

24

What is the sleeper effect?

When you don't believe something from a sketchy source, but you forget where you learned it from and trust it later