CNS Topography Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CNS Topography Deck (32):
1

Myelecephalon -->

Medulla

2

Metencephalon -->

Pons, cerebellum

3

Rhombencephalon -->

Medulla + pons + cerebellum

4

Mesencephalon -->

Midbrain

5

Diencephalon =

thalamus, hypothalamus

6

Telencephalon -->

cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, amygdala, hippocampus

7

Frontal lobe function:

Intelligence, personality, motivation, motor command

8

Parietal lobe function:

General sensation, language, spatial orientation

9

Temporal lobe function:

Hearing, language processing, visual processing, memory

10

Occipital lobe function:

Vision

11

Limbic lobe function:

Emotions, basic drives, memory, smell

12

Hippocampus function:

Limbic component: Spatial memory

13

Amygdala function:

Limbic component: Associative learning where non-emotional stimuli can acquire emotional properties

14

Insula function:

Limbic component: Taste, visceral sensation, emotional aspects of pain

15

Basal ganglia function:

Activates and coordinates internally generated movements

16

Thalamus function:

Relays sensory and motor information to/from the cerebral cortex

17

Hypothalamus function:

Integrates autonomic, endocrine, limbic functions

18

Brainstem functions:

Regulation of cardiac and respiratory function
Regulates CNS
Maintains consciousness
Regulates sleep cycle

19

Cerebellum functions:

Synergizes and corrects movement
Maintains upright posture
Maintains muscle tone

20

White matter in spinal cord, medulla, pons and midbrain are on the (inside/outside)

Outside

21

White matter in the cerebral cortex, cerebellum and diencephalon are on the (inside/outside)

Inside

22

Somatotopic organization of precentral gyrus of primary motor cortex
Located in:

Hands and face
Frontal lobe

23

Inferior frontal gyrus contains:
Located in:

Motor speech area (Broca's area)
Frontal lobe

24

Somatotopic organization of post central gyrus of primary somatosensory cortex
Located in:

lips, mouth, arms, hands
Parietal lobe

25

Supramarginal gyrus and angular gyrus responsible for:
Located in:

language processing
Parietal lobe

26

Transverse temporal gyrus (Heschl's gyrus) is:
Located in:

primary auditory cortex
Temporal lobe

27

Superior temporal gyrus contains:
Located in:

Wernicke's area for understanding speech
Temporal lobe

28

Cingulate gyrus involved in:
Located in:

emotion formation and processing, learning and memory
Limbic lobe

29

Calcarine sulcus located in:

Occipital lobe

30

Parahippocampal gyrus:
Located in:

Memory encoding and retrieval
Limbic lobe surrounding hippocampus

31

Uncus:
Located in:

Olfactory cortex
Limbic lobe

32

Epithalamus:

Circadian rhythms
Includes pineal body