Flashcards in Colonial America Deck (126)
To _________ is to disagree with the beliefs and practices of a religious group
A settler in New France who paid an annual rent and worked for a certain number of days was known as a __________
When New York was first established, it was a ___________ a colony in which the owner owned all the land.
In a ___________ investors buy part ownership in the company in return for a share of its future profits.
joint stock company
__________ was a protestant who wanted to reform the Anglican Church
The first written constitution in America was known as the _________.
fundamental orders of Connecticut
A written plan of government is known as a ___________
Protestants who wanted to leave the Anglican Church and set up their own churches were _____________.
Religious settlements established to convert people to a certain faith are called ___________.
Why would a country want to establish a colony in another region? religion, resources
What religion was King Phillip II?
What religion was Elizabeth I?
King Phillip II hates Elizabeth I and wants her off the throne of England.
He is catholic and she is protestant
Name 4 facts about Sir Francis Drake
-raided the spanish ships and took the loot
-Elizabeth knighted him
What happened when Phillip II sent a fleet of warships to conquer England?
-spanish fialed, tried to return home
-giant storm destroyed ships
-span's power declining on seas
Spain wants a ________ on spanish throne
Name 4 facts about Sir Walter Raleigh
-queen gave him the right to claim land in 1584
-he decided that Roanoke Island off the coast of NC would be good
-1st attempt: first settlers, 100 men, difficult winter, decided to return
-2nd attempt:sent 91 men, 17 women, 9 children
Name 5 facts about John White
-daughter gave birth in America
-named Virginia Dare-first english child born in America
-returned to England for more supplies
-because of a war, he didn't return for 3 years
-when he returned, they weren't there
What is Croatoan
main clue left for John White nearby island
What is a charter?
a document which grants the right to organize a settlement. not in a given area. given by the King or Queen
Who grants charters?
James I of England
Name 3 things about Virginia Company
-group of merchants
-were a joint stock company
-settlers were to search for gold, trap fur and catch fish
What do you know about a Joint Stock Company
investors bought stock or part ownership in return for a share of future profit
Name 3 facts about Jamestown
-144 settlers were sent in three ships to new world
-entered Chesapeake Bay & sailed up the James Rvr named after James I & named colony Jamestown
-first official settlement in America
Name 3 facts about John Smith
-led Jamestown at age 27
-forced settlers to work, explored the area & fostered a relationship with local natives
-replaces socialism with capitalism
Name 6 facts about the Starving Time
-winter of 1609-1610
-John returned to England
-lack of leadership, malaria pressure to produce wealth
-focused on wrong things
-38 of 144 survived after that winter
-ate rats, roots and whatever they could find
NOW YOU UNDERSTAND WHY I HATE WINTER!!!
Name 2 facts about John Rolfe
-discovered tobacco-cash crop
Name 2 facts about Pocahontas
-real name was Matoaka
-daughter of chief Powhatan, ruled over 25,000
What is the order of Pocahontas life?
-english became friends with natives
-english demanded food, but drought
-captured by English
-she met John Rolfe (widower) & fell in love
-she married him and was renamed Rebecca
-met John Smith again in London
-sad & angry he had never come back
-fell ill on Thames river
-died of pneumonia or dysentery at age 21
-buried in St. George's church in England