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Flashcards in Colonial America Deck (126)
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30

To _________ is to disagree with the beliefs and practices of a religious group

dissent

31

A settler in New France who paid an annual rent and worked for a certain number of days was known as a __________

tenant farmer

32

When New York was first established, it was a ___________ a colony in which the owner owned all the land.

proprietary colony

33

In a ___________ investors buy part ownership in the company in return for a share of its future profits.

joint stock company

34

__________ was a protestant who wanted to reform the Anglican Church

Puritan

35

The first written constitution in America was known as the _________.

fundamental orders of Connecticut

36

A written plan of government is known as a ___________

constitution

37

Protestants who wanted to leave the Anglican Church and set up their own churches were _____________.

separatists

38

Religious settlements established to convert people to a certain faith are called ___________.

missions

39

Why would a country want to establish a colony in another region? religion, resources

hardships

40

What religion was King Phillip II?

catholic

41

What religion was Elizabeth I?

Protestant

42

King Phillip II hates Elizabeth I and wants her off the throne of England.

He is catholic and she is protestant

43

Name 4 facts about Sir Francis Drake

-english adventurer
-occasional piral
-raided the spanish ships and took the loot
-Elizabeth knighted him

44

What happened when Phillip II sent a fleet of warships to conquer England?

-spanish fialed, tried to return home
-giant storm destroyed ships
-span's power declining on seas

45

Spain wants a ________ on spanish throne

catholic

46

Name 4 facts about Sir Walter Raleigh

-queen gave him the right to claim land in 1584
-he decided that Roanoke Island off the coast of NC would be good
-1st attempt: first settlers, 100 men, difficult winter, decided to return
-2nd attempt:sent 91 men, 17 women, 9 children

47

Name 5 facts about John White

-daughter gave birth in America
-named Virginia Dare-first english child born in America
-returned to England for more supplies
-because of a war, he didn't return for 3 years
-when he returned, they weren't there

48

What is Croatoan

main clue left for John White nearby island

49

What is a charter?

a document which grants the right to organize a settlement. not in a given area. given by the King or Queen

50

Who grants charters?

James I of England

51

Name 3 things about Virginia Company

-group of merchants
-were a joint stock company
-settlers were to search for gold, trap fur and catch fish

52

What do you know about a Joint Stock Company

investors bought stock or part ownership in return for a share of future profit

53

Name 3 facts about Jamestown

-144 settlers were sent in three ships to new world
-entered Chesapeake Bay & sailed up the James Rvr named after James I & named colony Jamestown
-first official settlement in America

54

Name 3 facts about John Smith

-led Jamestown at age 27
-forced settlers to work, explored the area & fostered a relationship with local natives
-replaces socialism with capitalism

55

Name 6 facts about the Starving Time

-winter of 1609-1610
-John returned to England
-lack of leadership, malaria pressure to produce wealth
-focused on wrong things
-38 of 144 survived after that winter
-ate rats, roots and whatever they could find
NOW YOU UNDERSTAND WHY I HATE WINTER!!!

56

Name 2 facts about John Rolfe

-discovered tobacco-cash crop
-married Rebecca

57

Name 2 facts about Pocahontas

-real name was Matoaka
-daughter of chief Powhatan, ruled over 25,000

58

What is the order of Pocahontas life?

-english became friends with natives
-english demanded food, but drought
-bad relationship
-captured by English
-she met John Rolfe (widower) & fell in love
-she married him and was renamed Rebecca
-met John Smith again in London
-sad & angry he had never come back
-fell ill on Thames river
-died of pneumonia or dysentery at age 21
-buried in St. George's church in England

59

What is a headright land grant?

Virginia company
-gave 50 acres to any settler who paid for their own voyage
-colonists created house of Burgesses in 1619