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Flashcards in Colonial America Deck (126)
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60

What are Burgesses

representatives of a colony's town

61

Name 3 facts about Jamestown

-sent woman & children to live in homes
-with tobacco slavery in Jamestown
-wasn't making enough money. king canceled charter and instead made it a royal colony in 1624

62

Describe Jamestown Survives

-John Smith, leader
-Tobacco, John Rowlfe
-Native relations, Pocahontas
-Government, local government
-Women came to colony, stability

63

Why was defeat of SA important?

conquistadors done, English rules seas

64

Why did English settle in North America?

profit, colonies, expand

65

What made people leave home for new life?

fresh start
freedom of religion
better way of life

66

what does dissented mean?

disagreed

67

Protestants wanted to change _________ church or leave

Anglican

68

What did the puritans ant to do to the Anglican Church?

reform it

69

What did the separatists want to do to the Anglican Church & their own churches?

leave

70

____________ were separatists who journeyed for religious purposes

Pilgrims

71

Only 35 of the102 on the Mayflower were _________

Pilgrims

72

35 of the 102 on the Mayflower were Pilgrims, what were the others?

strangers - common people who wanted to find a better life

73

Pilgrims planned on going to __________

Virginia colony

74

What happened after the Pilgrims were on the Mayflower?

-they planned on going to the Virginia Colony
-they signed Cape Cod
-decided to stay
-wrote & signed the Mayflower Compact

75

What is the Mayflower compact?

It was a Pledge of obeying the law, written for future generations
-pledged loyalty to England
-intend to create a representative government
-promised to follow established rules

76

Plymouth vs. Jamestown

Religion?
P=religious reasons
J=money
Reasons for coming?
P=religion, need to survive, grown, fresh start
J=money, need to survive, started with men, fresh starts

77

Winter vs. Spring

-almost 1/2 pilgrims died from malnutrition, cold, disease
-samoset & squanto were friendly & taught them how to grow corn, beans, pumpkins & to fish & hunt
-led to peace w/ wampanoag
-signed peace treaty
-first thanksgiving

78

What did Charles I of England do to the Puritans

persecuted them!

79

Who formed the Massachusetts Bay Company?

Some puritans wanted to leave, they formed the Massachusetts Bay Company

80

Name 3 facts about the Massachusetts Bay Company

-received charter to create a colony north of plymouth
-society-bible
-governor is John Winthrop, 900 men, women & children, Boston

81

What was the great migration?

more than 15,000 puritans came to the colony seeking refuge and a better life

82

Name 3 things about the English Civil War

-Parliament vs. crown
-Oliver Cromwell=puritan for the parliament
-Charles I=suspected catholic for the crown
-charles tried and convicted of treason in 1649-beheaded
-cromwell ruled afterwards until his death
-parliament restored the monarchy but w/new limitations

83

What are patroons

landowners given land if they could bring 50 peole to work it. Feudal system, like kings

84

New York

-england took over port
-man in charge surrendered it
-given to Duke of York
-owned land and controlled the government (a proprietary colony)
-diverse population, centered around NYC

85

Name the 5 types of people who made up the population of NY

-dutch
-german
-swedish
-Brazilian jews
-native americans

86

What was the population of NY in 1664

8,000 people including 300 slaves

87

What was the population of NY in 1683

12,000 people

88

Name 6 facts about New Jersey

-originally part of NY
-given to Carteret & Berkeley
-offered large land tracts, religious freedom, trial by jury, assembly to make laws
-ethnically & religiously diverse
-no port-little profit
-returned as a RC to the king

89

Name 6 facts about Pennsylvania & Delaware

-William Penn received land from Charles II
-Wanted Quakers to live in PA
-designed Philadelphia-wrote PA's first constitution
-bought land from native americans
-made Enlish, welsh, irish, dutch and germans
-lower portion was occupied by swedes-allowed them to form Delaware