Flashcards in Colonial America Deck (126)
What are Burgesses
representatives of a colony's town
Name 3 facts about Jamestown
-sent woman & children to live in homes
-with tobacco slavery in Jamestown
-wasn't making enough money. king canceled charter and instead made it a royal colony in 1624
Describe Jamestown Survives
-John Smith, leader
-Tobacco, John Rowlfe
-Native relations, Pocahontas
-Government, local government
-Women came to colony, stability
Why was defeat of SA important?
conquistadors done, English rules seas
Why did English settle in North America?
profit, colonies, expand
What made people leave home for new life?
freedom of religion
better way of life
what does dissented mean?
Protestants wanted to change _________ church or leave
What did the puritans ant to do to the Anglican Church?
What did the separatists want to do to the Anglican Church & their own churches?
____________ were separatists who journeyed for religious purposes
Only 35 of the102 on the Mayflower were _________
35 of the 102 on the Mayflower were Pilgrims, what were the others?
strangers - common people who wanted to find a better life
Pilgrims planned on going to __________
What happened after the Pilgrims were on the Mayflower?
-they planned on going to the Virginia Colony
-they signed Cape Cod
-decided to stay
-wrote & signed the Mayflower Compact
What is the Mayflower compact?
It was a Pledge of obeying the law, written for future generations
-pledged loyalty to England
-intend to create a representative government
-promised to follow established rules
Plymouth vs. Jamestown
Reasons for coming?
P=religion, need to survive, grown, fresh start
J=money, need to survive, started with men, fresh starts
Winter vs. Spring
-almost 1/2 pilgrims died from malnutrition, cold, disease
-samoset & squanto were friendly & taught them how to grow corn, beans, pumpkins & to fish & hunt
-led to peace w/ wampanoag
-signed peace treaty
What did Charles I of England do to the Puritans
Who formed the Massachusetts Bay Company?
Some puritans wanted to leave, they formed the Massachusetts Bay Company
Name 3 facts about the Massachusetts Bay Company
-received charter to create a colony north of plymouth
-governor is John Winthrop, 900 men, women & children, Boston
What was the great migration?
more than 15,000 puritans came to the colony seeking refuge and a better life
Name 3 things about the English Civil War
-Parliament vs. crown
-Oliver Cromwell=puritan for the parliament
-Charles I=suspected catholic for the crown
-charles tried and convicted of treason in 1649-beheaded
-cromwell ruled afterwards until his death
-parliament restored the monarchy but w/new limitations
What are patroons
landowners given land if they could bring 50 peole to work it. Feudal system, like kings
-england took over port
-man in charge surrendered it
-given to Duke of York
-owned land and controlled the government (a proprietary colony)
-diverse population, centered around NYC
Name the 5 types of people who made up the population of NY
What was the population of NY in 1664
8,000 people including 300 slaves
What was the population of NY in 1683
Name 6 facts about New Jersey
-originally part of NY
-given to Carteret & Berkeley
-offered large land tracts, religious freedom, trial by jury, assembly to make laws
-ethnically & religiously diverse
-no port-little profit
-returned as a RC to the king