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Flashcards in Colonial America Deck (126)
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90

Pennsylvania is about the size of _________

England

91

Name 5 facts about the Quakers

-believed in equality
-follow "inner light" to salvation
-no clergy
-pacifists-people who refuse to be forced to fight in wars
-were considered a threat to England, were persecuted

92

The Calvert & Penn families argued over ________

boundaries

93

In 1760's the Calvert & Penn families hired _______ & ________ to map boundaries

Charles Mason & Jeremiah Dixon

94

Charles Mason & Jeremiah Dixon mapped boundaries known as the ___________

Mason-Dixon Line

95

Calverts welcomed ________ & __________

Calverts welcomed Protestant and Catholics - protestants outnumbered catholics

96

What is an act of toleration?

granted both protestants & catholics the right to worship freely

97

In 1692 assembly made _______ officially Anglican

In 1602 assembly made Maryland officially Anglican, Catholics faced same problems

98

Name 2 facts about William Berkley?

-governor of Virginia
-large piece of land, stop expansion

99

Name 7 facts about Nathaniel Bacon

-lived in West Virginia
-opposed Berkely-gov controlled by EVA
-Bacon attacked NA villiages
-marched to Jamestown=Berkley to exile
-died suddenly=Berkley restored
-settlers couldn't be stopped

100

What does Carolina mean in Latin?

Charles's land

101

North Carolina vs South Carolina

-farmers in N sold tobacco, timber, tar-Virginia export
-fertile farmland + port @ Charlestown
-SC prosper
-traded deerskin, beef & lumber
-both grew rice & indigo
-settlers increased power=seized control in 1719
-made separate royal colonies in 1729

102

Name 5 facts about James Oglethorpe

-created Georgia (for debtors and poor)
-hundreds of poor and RR came
-many didn't like his rules
-became discouraged, gave up, returned home
-Georgia became a royal colony in 1751

103

What happened with the French in North America?

-founded Quebec
-supported New France, expanded presence
-Louis Joliet & Jaques Marquette explored Mississippi
-Rene-Robert Cavilier Mississippi to Gulf
-Claimed land and named it Louisiana
-1718 New Orleans port was established
-france expanded slowly
-estate holders brought tenant farmers-paid annual rent & worked for him
-great relationship with Native American, trappers & missionaries went to NA territory
-non-threatening

104

What was the Dutch main settlement?

New Amsterdam which was a great seaport & colony of trade

105

New Hampshire was founded by ?

John Wheelwright who was banished from Jamestown

106

What was in 1675?

New England wages war against Wampanoag

107

Who won King Phillips war?

New England

108

Who was the founder of Connecticut?

Thomas Hooker, a banished minister

109

In Connecticut people went to live in

the river valley

110

Who is the founder of Rhode Island?

Roger Williams, he was banished
Also:
-religious freedom
-no land taken from NA
-took refuge w/ Narraganset

111

Spanish in NA

-vast empire in SW & C America
-sent settlers, troops & missionaries to Santa Fe, New Mexico
-went to Arizona & Texas
-Spanish priests established missions along California coast
-missions included San Diego, Los Angeles, Monterrey
Founded by Father Junipero Serra, rights of N.A.

112

What are Missions

religious settlements

113

How did Maryland deal with tensions between Protestants & Cathoics

made Act of Toleration

114

What are the 3 types of government?

-Rep
-proprietary
-Royal Governor

115

What happened with slavery when the Southern Colonies were established?

it increased

plantations & farms

116

France slow to settle in America?

came for trade, not settlements

117

Who founded Georgia & why was it started?

James Oglethorpe

Started it for the debtors & poor

118

Early settlements

Jamestown, Roanoke

119

NE colonies

Massachusetts
Connecticut
Rhode Island
New Hampshire