Flashcards in Colonial America Deck (126)
Pennsylvania is about the size of _________
Name 5 facts about the Quakers
-believed in equality
-follow "inner light" to salvation
-pacifists-people who refuse to be forced to fight in wars
-were considered a threat to England, were persecuted
The Calvert & Penn families argued over ________
In 1760's the Calvert & Penn families hired _______ & ________ to map boundaries
Charles Mason & Jeremiah Dixon
Charles Mason & Jeremiah Dixon mapped boundaries known as the ___________
Calverts welcomed ________ & __________
Calverts welcomed Protestant and Catholics - protestants outnumbered catholics
What is an act of toleration?
granted both protestants & catholics the right to worship freely
In 1692 assembly made _______ officially Anglican
In 1602 assembly made Maryland officially Anglican, Catholics faced same problems
Name 2 facts about William Berkley?
-governor of Virginia
-large piece of land, stop expansion
Name 7 facts about Nathaniel Bacon
-lived in West Virginia
-opposed Berkely-gov controlled by EVA
-Bacon attacked NA villiages
-marched to Jamestown=Berkley to exile
-died suddenly=Berkley restored
-settlers couldn't be stopped
What does Carolina mean in Latin?
North Carolina vs South Carolina
-farmers in N sold tobacco, timber, tar-Virginia export
-fertile farmland + port @ Charlestown
-traded deerskin, beef & lumber
-both grew rice & indigo
-settlers increased power=seized control in 1719
-made separate royal colonies in 1729
Name 5 facts about James Oglethorpe
-created Georgia (for debtors and poor)
-hundreds of poor and RR came
-many didn't like his rules
-became discouraged, gave up, returned home
-Georgia became a royal colony in 1751
What happened with the French in North America?
-supported New France, expanded presence
-Louis Joliet & Jaques Marquette explored Mississippi
-Rene-Robert Cavilier Mississippi to Gulf
-Claimed land and named it Louisiana
-1718 New Orleans port was established
-france expanded slowly
-estate holders brought tenant farmers-paid annual rent & worked for him
-great relationship with Native American, trappers & missionaries went to NA territory
What was the Dutch main settlement?
New Amsterdam which was a great seaport & colony of trade
New Hampshire was founded by ?
John Wheelwright who was banished from Jamestown
What was in 1675?
New England wages war against Wampanoag
Who won King Phillips war?
Who was the founder of Connecticut?
Thomas Hooker, a banished minister
In Connecticut people went to live in
the river valley
Who is the founder of Rhode Island?
Roger Williams, he was banished
-no land taken from NA
-took refuge w/ Narraganset
Spanish in NA
-vast empire in SW & C America
-sent settlers, troops & missionaries to Santa Fe, New Mexico
-went to Arizona & Texas
-Spanish priests established missions along California coast
-missions included San Diego, Los Angeles, Monterrey
Founded by Father Junipero Serra, rights of N.A.
What are Missions
How did Maryland deal with tensions between Protestants & Cathoics
made Act of Toleration
What are the 3 types of government?
What happened with slavery when the Southern Colonies were established?
plantations & farms
France slow to settle in America?
came for trade, not settlements
Who founded Georgia & why was it started?
Started it for the debtors & poor