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Flashcards in Cranial III Deck (45):
1

What are the components of the primary respiratory mechanism? (5)

-Inherent respiratory mech
-Fluctuation of CSF
-Reciprocal tension membrane
-Articular mobility of the cranial bones
-Mobility of the sacrum

2

What type of treatment is cranial?

MFR

3

What causes the inherent motility of the CNS?

Glial cells firing, causes the coiling and uncoiling of the ram's head

4

What is the reciprocal tension membrane?

Dura

5

Where does the dura attach to the sacrum?

Anterior portion of S2

6

What is the rate of the CRI?

6-12 / min

7

What is sutherland's fulcrum?

Straight sinus

8

Review BADNF.

Review

9

When the midline bones go into flexion, what happens to the paired bones (external or internal rotation)?

External rotation

10

When the midline bones go into extension, what happens to the paired bones (external or internal rotation)?

Internal rotation

11

When other plans of motion can the sacrum rotate about with relation to the occiput?

AP or vertical axis

12

What are the two physiologic strains?

-Torsion
-Sidebending-rotations

13

What is characteristics about all pathologic strains?

Cause a shearing force that causes the anatomic axis to be disrupted

14

What are the three major pathologic strains?

-Vertical strain
-Lateral strain
-SBS compression

15

What is the axis for torsions?

AP

16

What is the motion of torsions?

Opposite directions

17

How are torsions named?

Superior greater wing of the sphenoid

18

The temporal bones move with what other cranial bone? Why is this important?

Occiput

-Mandible swings on temporal bones, thus may be treated

19

The facial bones move with what other bones?

SBS

20

True or false: torsions cross midline

False--never cross midline

21

What are the two axes that are used with sidebending-rotations?

-2 vertical axes
-AP axis

22

What produces sidebending rotations?

Lateral force directed exactly at the level of the SBS

23

True or false: with sidebending-rotations occur, the two motions occur at the same time

True

24

How do you name sidebending rotations?

For the side of the convexity (the side the proverbial egg falls out of)

25

What are the axes involved with vertical strains?

2 transverse

26

What is the direction for vertical strain patterns?

Same

27

How are vertical strain patterns named?

Direction of the *base* of the SBS

28

What happens to the 2nd and 5th fingers with a superior vertical strain?

2nd = move inferiorly

5th = move superiorly

29

What happens to the temporal bones with a superior vertical strain?

Temporals move into internal rotation--follow the occiput

30

What happens to the temporal bones with an inferior vertical strain?

Temporals move into external rotation--follow the occiput

31

What are the axes involved with lateral strains?

2 vertical

32

What is the movement for lateral strains?

Same

33

How are lateral strains named?

Base of the sphenoid moves left or right

34

What causes SBS compressions?

Traumatic blows to the nose, directly in line with the SBS

35

What is the axis that SBS compressions happen in?

AP

36

What is the movement of SBS compressions?

Little movement is felt--prevents flexion/extension

37

What will happen to the fingers with a SBS compression?

Approximation of the index and pinky

38

What is the indication for a parietal lift?

HA at the vertex

39

How can you think of internal and external rotation of the parietal bones?

Think of a vector pointing inferiorly at the inferior edge of the suture

40

What is the basic principle that is used with the frontal lift? What happens to the frontal bones?

Internally rotates the frontals to disengage them from their related bones

Permit them to externally rotate and widen

41

What are the two roles of the CV-IV compression?

Stimulate the body's therapeutic potency to heal

stimulates prostaglandins to assist in myometrial contractility--PAST their due dates

42

True or false: you never do any cranial technique with head trauma patients

True

43

What is the purpose of the v spread?

Release any stuck sutures

44

Why would you use the VSD?

Sinusitis, rhinitis, migraines

45

What is the purpose of temporal rocking?

Temporarily reduce or increase the CRI in anxious patients