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OMM II > Visceral > Flashcards

Flashcards in Visceral Deck (37):
1

True or false: OMM is indicated for an SBO

True?

2

True or false: OMM is not appropriate for an Ileus

False?

3

What does the celiac artery supply? (5)

-Liver
-Stomach
-Abdominal esophagus
-Spleen
-Superior half of both the duodenum and pancreas

4

The SMA supplies what organs?

-Distal 1/3 of duodenum to half of transverse colon

5

The IMA supplies what part of the gut?

Last half of the transverse colon to the rectum

6

Complaints of HA, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and cramps result from what part of the ANS?

Parasympathetic

7

What are the branches of the SMA? (4)

-Jejunal
-Ileocolic
-Right Colic
-Middle colic

8

What are collateral ganglia?

Unpaired, abdominopelvic (prevertebral ganglia)

9

What are the three major collateral ganglia of the abdomen?

Celiac
SMA
IMA

10

What is the location of the ileo-cecal valve?

1/3 way on a line from the R ASIS to umbilicus, then a little superior

(McBurney's point)

11

What is the location of the duodenal jejunal junction?

On a line from the left mid clavicle to the umbilicus, then 2/3 cm on line up from umbilicus

12

Where is the sphincter of Oddi located?

On a line from right mid clavicle to umbilicus, then 2-3 cm on line up from umbilicus

13

Where is the pylorus located?

6-7 cm above the umbilicus

14

Where is the cardiac/gastro esophageal junction located?

1/2 -1 in above the xiphoid process

15

Visceral organs are suspended from the dorsal surface of the abdominal cavity by what? What are these?

Mesenteries--folds of peritoneum

16

What are the three branches of the IMA?

-Left colic
-Sigmoid arteries
-Superior rectal arteries

17

The cisterna chyli receives lymphatic drainage from what part of the body?

Everything below the diaphragm

18

Where does the thoracic duct enter the abdomen?

Through the aortic hiatus

19

What are the indications for re-doming the diaphragm?

-GERD
-hiatal hernias
-Biliary colic

20

How is the cisterna chyli pump performed? How long?

Add a pulsating force (LA/HF) to the cisterna chyli for 1-2 minute

21

How is the thoracic pump performed?

Pulsate in the medial left clavicle

22

What is the nerve the supplies most of the PNS of the abdomen? Where does this nerve exit the skull?

CN X
Jugular foramen

23

Does the right or the left vagus nerve supply innervation to the greater curvature of the stomach?

Left

24

What are the cell bodies that are found in the sympathetic chain?

Second order neurons

25

What are the spinal levels of the celiac ganglion?

T5-T9

26

What are the spinal levels of the superior mesenteric ganglion?

T10-T11

27

What are the spinal levels of the inferior mesenteric ganglion?

T12-L2

28

Where is the superior mesenteric ganglion located?

midway between xiphoid process and umbilicus

29

Where is the inferior mesenteric ganglion located?

At the level of the umbilicus

30

Where is the celiac ganglion located?

Just inferior to the xiphoid process

31

How is the celiac ganglion inhibition performed?

1. Spread fingers along the linea alba
2. Take in a breath against resistance
3. With inhalation, take past barrier

32

What are the indications for a celiac ganglion inhibition/linea alba treatment?

-Abdominal distension
-Slowed GI motility

33

How, generally, is counterclockwise function of the intestines treated?

Inhibit the most inferior sphincter by Fascially loading the sphincter and following it into the dysfunctional direction

34

True or false: oftentimes treating the most inferior dysfunctional sphincter will resolve sphincter SDs superiorly

True

35

The CT pathways of the mesenteries provide passages for what three things?

-Arterial blood supply
-Venous and lymphatic return
-ANS

36

What are the indications for a mesenteric lift?

IBS
Constipation
Ileus

37

How is a mesenteric lift performed?

Gently move intestines with scoop-like motion at right angles to mesenteric attachment until restriction of motion is felt

Pt takes a partial breath in and hold, while dr takes up slack