Lower Extremity I Flashcards Preview

OMM II > Lower Extremity I > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lower Extremity I Deck (79):
1

Where should you look when you find a SD?

area above and below the SD to see what could be causing it

2

What is the route of the arteries from the aorta, down the leg?

Aorta
External/internal iliac
femoral
anterior/posterior tibial

3

Many of the issues we see involving the lower extremity involve what type of problems?

Tracking problems

4

What are the characteristics of the muscles that have tender points?

Those that are strained and inhibited

5

Treating tender points tends to do what to contracted muscles?

Lengthen contracted muscles

6

Postural or phasic muscle: iliopsoas?

postural

7

Postural or phasic muscle: vastus medialis/laterals?

Phasic

8

Postural or phasic muscle: fibularis

phasic

9

Postural or phasic muscle: glutes

Phasic

10

Postural or phasic muscle: rectus femoris

postural

11

Postural or phasic muscle: tensor fascia lata

Postural

12

Postural or phasic muscle: hamstrings

Postural

13

Postural or phasic muscle: thigh adductors

postural

14

Postural or phasic muscle: piriformis

Postural

15

Postural or phasic muscle: soleus

Postural

16

Postural or phasic muscle: tibialis anterior

Phasic

17

Postural or phasic muscle: gastrocnemius

Phasic

18

Postural or phasic muscle: erector spinae group

Postural

19

Postural or phasic muscle: quadratus lumborum

postrual

20

Postural or phasic muscle: intercostals

Postural

21

Postural or phasic muscle: rectus abdominus

Phasic

22

Postural or phasic muscle: external/interna oblique

Phasic

23

Postural or phasic muscle: transversus abdominus

phasic

24

What is the function of the psoas major/minor and iliacus? A strain in this area produces what?

flex and rotate the hip
bends the trunk/lumbar spine to the same side

25

What is the function of the gluteus maximus?

extends and externally rotates the hip

26

What is the function of the tensor fasciae lata?

Hip joint adduction

27

What is the main function of the piriformis?

external rotation of the hip

28

What is the main function of the gluteus medius/minimus?

abducts the hip

29

What is the function of the adductor longus?

hip joint adduction

30

What is the function of the adductor brevis?

hip joint adduction

31

What is the function of the adductor minimus?

hip joint adduction

32

What is the function of the gracilis?

Hip joint adduction and flexion

33

What is the function of the pectineus?

hip joint adduction

34

What is the function of the obturator externus?

Hip joint adduction

35

What is the function of the sartorius?

Hip joint flexion, abduction, and external rotation

36

What are the four muscles that comprise the quads?

Vastus lateralis, medialis, intermedius, and rectus femoris

37

What are the muscles of the hamstrings?

BIceps femoris
Semimembranosus
Semitendinosus

38

What is the function of the biceps femoris?

Extends the hip joint

39

What is the function of the semimembranosus and the semitendinosus?

Extends the hip joint
Flexes and internally rotates the knee

40

What is the function of the popliteus?

Flexes and internally rotates the knee

41

What are the muscles that are in the lateral compartment of the lower leg?

Fibularis longus
Fibularis brevis
Fibularis tertius

42

What is the function of the fibularis longus and brevis?

Flexes the talocrural joint

43

What are the two components of the triceps surae?

Soleus
gastroc

44

What is the function of the plantaris?

prevents the compression of the posterior leg muscles during knee flexion

45

What are the connections of the lateral collateral ligament?

lateral femoral condyle to the medial femoral condyle

46

Which collateral ligament attaches to its respective meniscus?

Medial

47

What is the function of the collateral ligaments?

Limit knee rotation

48

What is the function of the ACL?

Prevents hyperextension

49

What is the function of the PCL?

Prevents hyperflexion

50

What menisci are attached to the femur or the tibia?

tibia

51

Which surface of the menisci are vascular: the medial or lateral?

lateral

52

Which are more O shaped, and which is more C shaped: the medial / lateral menisci?

Medial = C
lateral = O

53

What are the components of the talocrural joint?

tibia
fibula
talus

54

What are the main motions of the talocrural joint?

plantarflexion and dorsiflexion

55

What are the components of the subtalar joint?

Talus and calcaneus

56

What are the main motions of the subtalar joint?

Inversion and eversion

57

What are the main motions of the intermetatarsal joints?

Inversion and eversion

58

What is the membrane that is between the tibia and the fibula?

Interosseous membrane

59

What is the ligament that connects the anterior distal tibia to the anterior distal fibula?

Anterior tibiofibular ligament

60

What is the ligament that connects the posterior distal tibia to the posterior distal fibula?

Posterior tibiofibular ligament

61

What are the four ligaments that comprise the lateral part of the foot?

anterior tibiotalar
tibionavicular
tibiocalcaneal
Posterior tibiotalar

62

What is the main ligament that sits atop the proximal foot?

anterior talofibular ligament

63

With increasing flexion, the dynamic flexion axis moves how?

Upward, and backward

64

Rotation of the tibia relative to the femur may occur with the knee (___)?

Flexed to 90 degrees

65

What are the two muscles that are responsible for producing internal tibial rotation?

semimembranosus
Semitendinosus

66

What is the muscle the produces external tibial rotation?

Biceps femoris

67

What is the "screw home" motion of the knee?

external rotation of the tibia on the femur

68

The knee is most stable when?

When locked into extension, or closed packed position

69

Full extension of the knee is unlocked by which muscle?

Popliteus

70

Medial force applied to the lateral aspect of the knee joint produce what force?

Valgus
(passive abduction)

71

Lateral force applied to the medial aspect of the knee joint produce what force?

Varus force
(passive adduction)

72

What way does the patella move with extension?

Superiorly

73

What way does the patella move with flexion?

Inferiorly

74

True or false: muscle strains are significant SD

True

75

What are the effects of a right soleus strain?

Limited dorsiflexion of the right ankle

Right knee pain

76

What are the effects of right hamstrings strain?

Right leg is functionally short

R sacral base is lowered

77

What should you do if you cannot effectively treat a tender point? (2)

Search for another, more painful point in the same muscle

Look for a shortened muscles on the opposite side of the bod

78

Where will you be able to visualize tender points?

Based on twists and turns of the muscles strained

79

The (farther/closer) a joint is from the center of the body, the more prone it is to injury

Farther