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Flashcards in Chapman Reflexes Deck (47):
1

What are chapman reflexes?

A system of reflex points that present predictable, palpable anterior and posterior fascial tissue texture abnormalities of visceral dysfunction

2

True or false: chapman's points suggest specific organ pathology

True?

3

What is the proposed for the pathophysiology of chapman's reflexes?

-SDs of the pelvis impair blood supply to the endocrine organs,
-Retention of "toxins"
-Local lymph stasis results in nerve irritation, leading to TTP on the body surface

4

What are the palpatory characteristics of chapman points?

-Small, smooth, firm, circumscribed area of edema

5

True or false: the chapman reflexes are usually found alone

False-can be in irregular patches

6

What are the symptoms of chapman reflexes?

-Pain is out of proportion to the amount of pressure being applied
-Deep pain response with sharp

7

True or false: Chapman reflexes generally radiation along the lymphatic channels

False--usually no radiation

8

Can pts pinpoint the source of pain with Chapman reflexes

Yes

9

How do the locations of chapman reflexes, myofascial trigger point, and s/cs tender points compare?

CR = SQ
MTP = Muscle fibers
S/cs = tendinous attachments

10

How do the palpatory experience of chapman reflexes, myofascial trigger point, and s/cs tender points compare?

CR = ganglioform, contracted
MFTP = Distinct nodules
S/CS = discrete tense edematous areas

11

How do the pain of chapman reflexes, myofascial trigger point, and s/cs tender points compare?

CR - no radiation
MFTP = referral pattern
S/cs = No radiation, very tender

12

How do the associations of chapman reflexes, myofascial trigger point, and s/cs tender points compare?

CR = Viscerosomatic with definite relationship
MFTP = injury only to muscle
S/CS = specific muscle or joint path-- NOT visceral

13

What was the supposed effect of balancing the pelvis in treating chapman reflexes?

Improved hormonal function in the glands of the pelvis

14

Which part of the body should always be treated first with chapman reflexes?

Pelvis

15

As with all medical and surgical treatments, better outcomes can be had by doing what prior to treating chapman reflexes?

Balancing the MS system

16

How do you treat chapman reflexes?

Finger pad of one finger on an individual nodule, and apply a circular motion

17

True or false: you will get quicker results in treating chapman reflexes with forceful technique, than gentle

False--opposite

18

What are the anterior and posterior chapman reflexes for the spleen?

Anterior = left 7th intercostal space

Posterior = between the left transverse process of T7

19

What is the Chapman reflex for: middle ear OM?

Superior portion of the clavicle in the mid clavicular line

20

What is the Chapman reflex for: the pharynx?

Superior portion of the 1st rib just lateral to the manubrium at the costosternal junction

Ph-irst rib

21

What is the Chapman reflex for: sinuses?

Superior portion of the 2nd rib in the mid-clavicular line

Sinuses = superior second rib

22

What is the Chapman reflex for: upper lung?

Between ribs 3 and 4 just lateral to the sternum

23

What is the Chapman reflex for: lower lung?

Between ribs 4 and 5 just lateral to the sternum

24

What is the Chapman reflex for: the stomach?

Between ribs 5 and 6 near the costochondral junction

25

What is the Chapman reflex for: the liver, gallbladder

Between ribs 6 and 7 on the right

26

What is the Chapman reflex for: the spleen?

Between ribs 7 and 8 on the left

27

What is the Chapman reflex for: pancreas

Between ribs 7 and 8, near the costochondral junction on the right

28

What is the Chapman reflex for: the appendix (anterior and posterior)?

Anterior tip of the 12th rib on the right

Posterior= right transverse process of T11

29

What is the Chapman reflex for: bladder?

At the umbilicus

30

What is the Chapman reflex for: ovaries

Lateral to the pubic symphysis

31

What is the Chapman reflex for: prostate?

On top of the IT band in its midline

32

What is the Chapman reflex for: all of the right side of the large intestines?

Right femur

33

What is the Chapman reflex for: all of the left side of the large intestines?

Left femur

34

What is the Chapman reflex for: rectum?

Lesser trochanter bilaterally

35

What are the collateral ganglia?

-Celiac
-Superior mesenteric
-Inferior mesenteric

36

What nerve activity can produce palpable tissue changes at collateral ganglia?

Visceral afferent activity

37

What spinal levels contribute to the celiac ganglion? What organs does this supply?

-T5-T9
-Distal esophagus to the proximal duodenum and head of the pancreas

38

What are the spinal levels that contribute to the innervation of the superior mesenteric ganglion? What organs does this supply?

-T10-T11
-Distal duodenum to the proximal 2/3 of the transverse colon

39

What are the spinal levels that contribute to the innervation of the inferior mesenteric ganglion? What organs does this supply?

-T12-L2
-Distal 1/3 of transverse colon to the rectum

40

Where is the inferior ganglion located?

At the umbilicus

41

Where is the superior mesenteric ganglion located?

Located 1/2 between the xiphoid and umbilicus

42

Where is the celiac ganglion located?

Just inferior to the xiphoid

43

True or false: pregnancy is a contraindication to the treatment of collateral ganglia

True

44

How do you evaluate the collateral ganglion?

Both hands are placed over the midline of the abdomen, spreading them equally from the xiphoids and the umbilicus

"objective" sensation of a rapid increase in resistance to pressure
OR
subjective complaint of increased TTP

45

How do you treat via ganglia inhibition?

Fingers over the collateral ganglia placed over the midline, with pressure that matches the tissue tension
-pt maintains pressure with small inhale
-Repeat until Relaxation of the tension is

46

What causes the TTP associated with Chapman's points?

Local lymph stasis results in nerve irritation

47

What should be done prior to treating specific Chapman reflexes?

Balance the MS system first