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Flashcards in Board Review notes Deck (23):
1

What is hysteresis ("stress strain")?

During the loading and unloading of connective tissue, the restoration of the final length of the tissue occurs at a rate and to an extent less than during deformation (loading).

2

What is creep?

the capacity of fascia and other tissues to lengthen when subjected to a constant tension load resulting in less resistance to a second load application

3

What part of the UG system has PNS innervation by vagus, and which by the pelvic splanchnic?

Kidneys and upper ureter = vagus
Lower ureter and bladder = pelvic

4

What is the PNS supply to the testes and ovaries?

Vagus (recall how they descend in development)

5

What are the SNS spinal levels that innervate: The stomach to the ligament of treitz?

T5-T9

6

What are the SNS spinal levels that innervate: the ligament of treitz to the splenic flexure?

T10-T11

7

What are the SNS spinal levels that innervate: Splenic flexure to the rectum

T12-L2

8

What are the 8 components of the plumb line?

1/ Posterior apex of coronal suture
2. External auditory meatus
3. Bodies of most cervical vertebrae
4. Shoulder joint
5. Bodies of lumbar vertebrae
6. Posterior to axis of hip joint
7. Anterior to axis of knee joint
8. Anterior to the lateral malleolus

9

What is the axis about which the sacrum rotates when the left foot is in the stance phase of walking, and the right is in the swing phase?

Left oblique axis

10

Which way does the lumbar spine side bend towards when the left foot is in the stance phase of walking?

Left

11

When using s/cs, the closer you are to the midline in treating a tender point, which way do you move the affected body part?

more flexion / extension

12

When using s/cs, the farther you are to the midline in treating a tender point, which way do you move the affected body part?

more sidebending / rotation

13

What are the general steps of FPR?

-Assess motion
-Place in neutral and add compressive force
-Recheck

14

What are the general steps of myofascial release?

-Move tissues to point of ease
-Hold until softening

15

What is the general "pathophysiology" behind chapman's points?

Increased SNS tone impairs lymphatic return, causing an area of congestion

16

Does the pain with CPs radiate?

No

17

Where is the chapman point for the eyes?

Lateral humerus

18

Where is the chapman point for the esophagus?

Ribs 2 and 3

19

Where is the chapman point for the stomach?

Between ribs 5-6 on the left

20

Where is the chapman point for the liver and gallbladder?

Ribs 6-7

21

Where is the chapman point for the spleen?

between ribs 7-8 on the left

22

Where is the chapman point for the adrenals? (anterior and posterior)

-Anterior Point = 2 in. superior and 1 in. lateral to umbilicus
-Posterior Point = b/w SP and TP of T11 and T12

23

What are the spinal levels that innervate the celiac, superior mesenteric, and inferior mesenteric respectfully?

-Celiac = T5-T9
-SMG = T10-T11
-IMG = T12-L2