OMM for Hospitalized pts Flashcards Preview

OMM II > OMM for Hospitalized pts > Flashcards

Flashcards in OMM for Hospitalized pts Deck (15):
1

What are the osteopathic ABCs that are addressed with OMM?

-Autonomics
-Breathing
-Circulation

2

What are the three essential characteristics of OMM for the inpatient?

OMM must be:
-Beneficial to pt
-Beneficial to hospital
-Simple

3

What are the three logical steps of choosing an OMM treatment?

1. Resolve tissue strain
2. Allow tissues to lengthen (or stretch them)
3. Allow bones to move

4

What are the four major components of a VS reflex?

1. Two or more spinal segments show SDs within autonomic reflex area
2. Deep confluent muscle retraction
3. Resistant to segmental joint motion
4. Skin and SQ changes c/w acuity/reflex

5

What are the three major appropriate techniques to treat inpatients?

-S/CS
-FPR
-Myofascial release

6

What is the major reason that bedridden pts develop LE edema?

Cannot rely on muscular contraction to augment venous and lymphatic return

7

What dysfunction of the LE in particular, becomes important with bedridden pts? Why?

-Fibular head dysfunction

-Impediments of V/L return from the LE

8

What dysfunctions of the hips are important with inpatients? Why?

-Innominate rotations
-Increased fascial resistance, preventing adequate return from the pelvis

9

What are the 7 major reasons for using OMM on in-pts?

-balance autonomics
-Improve respiration
-Improve circulation
-Decreased long term wear and tear on organs
-Improve organ function
-Assist in recovery
-Relieve pain

10

What are the five factors relating to OMM treatment, that the condition of the patient dictates?

-Length of exam
-Positions used
-Length of treatment
-Technique
-Priorities

11

What is the general way to treat in-pts with OMM?

Centrally to peripherally, beginning with the cervical spine, and progressing downward

12

How often should you treat in-pts? Why?

Either once a day, or in small doses throughout the day

Avoid stressing the patient

13

What happens to the body with tissue trauma 2/2 surgery that causes decreased venous and lymphatic return?

Increased SNS reflexes

14

True or false: inpatients often have "stuck" bones that need to be moved with OMT to increase venous and lymphatic return

False--bones do not get stuck, rather the tissues around them can become strained

15

If an inpatient has a heart-related issue, what should be avoided?

Any techniques that cause a valsalva effect