Cultural Variations in Attatchment Flashcards Preview

AQA A-Level Psychology Paper 1 > Cultural Variations in Attatchment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cultural Variations in Attatchment Deck (10)
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1

What type of study did Van Ijzendoor and Kroonenberg carry out?

Meta Analysis.

2

How many studies did Van Ijzendoor and Kroonenberg collect data from?

32.

3

How many participants did they study in total?

1,900 infants.

4

How many coutries did they collect data from?

8

5

What percentage of attatchments were secure?

67%

6

What percentage were insecure avoidant?

21%

7

What percentage were insecure resistant?

12%

8

True or false? There was greater variation between countries than cultures.

False. They found greater variation between cultures that countries.

9

Give an advantage to Ijzendoorn and Kroonenberg's meta analysis.

Advantages:

- Xenocentric sample - 1900 participants - high population validity.

10

Give a disadvanatge to Ijzendoorn and Kroonenberg's study.

Disadvantages:

- Ethnocentric sample - 27 studies were from individualistic cultures whereas only 5 were from collectivist cultures.

- The strange situation is culturally relative - German children are more likely to be classed as insecure avoidant because their parents value independence (Grossman x2) - based upon western child rearing practices.

- Comparing national differences not cultural differences - urban Japanese cultures are similar to western cultures - rural Japanese cultures showed more insecure resistant attatchments.