Attachment - Key Terms Flashcards Preview

AQA A-Level Psychology Paper 1 > Attachment - Key Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Attachment - Key Terms Deck (7)
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1

Define 'attachment'...

A strong emotional bond between two individuals where each individual sees the other as essential for their own emotional security.

2

What is reciprocity?

The action of the infant elicits a response from the primary attatchment figure.

3

What is interactional synchrony?

The infant mirrors the actions of another person.

4

Who studied and proposed the idea of reciprocity?

Murray and Trevarthen.

5

Who studied and proposed the idea of interactional synchrony?

Meltzoff and Moore.

6

Give an advantage of studies into infant-caregiver attachments.

Advantages:
✔ Controlled observations - no Hawthorne effect - infants don't care they are being observed.

✔ Practical applications- Crotwell et al created a short therapy that improved interactions synchrony.

7

Give a disadvantage of studies into infant-caregiver reactions.

Disadvantages:
❌ Difficult to distinguish between general activity and specifically imitated behaviour - infants are constantly performing the same actions.

❌ Interactional synchrony is culturally relative - La Vine - Kenyan mothers have little interaction yet still produce secure attachments.