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AQA A-Level Psychology Paper 1 > Working Memory Model > Flashcards

Flashcards in Working Memory Model Deck (9)
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1

Outline the components of the WMM...

1) Central Executive
2) Episodic Buffer
3) Phonological loop
4) Visuospatial sketchpad

2

Outline the capabilities of the WMM...

1) Central executive:
Coding - flexible.
Capacity - limited.

2) Phonological loop:
Coding - acoustic.
Duration - ~2 seconds.

3) Visuo-spatial sketchpad:
Coding - visual and spatial.
Capacity - 3-4 items.

4) Episodic buffer:
Coding - flexible.
Capacity - 4 chunks.

3

Name the two sub-systems of the phonological loop.

1) Phonological store
2) Articulatory Process

4

What is the function of the visuospatial sketchpad?

Stores information about our surroundings.

5

What is the function of the phonological store.

Stores the words we hear.

6

What is the function of the auditory process?

Language production and definition.

7

Name the two sub-divisions of the visuospatial sketchpad.

1) Visual cache - stores visual data
2) Inner Scribe - arrangement of features in the visual field.

8

Give an advantage of the WMM.

Advantages:
✔ Neuroscanning evidence form Braver et al - increasing activity in central executive = increasing activity in the prefrontal cortex.

✔ Baddeley's dual task performance study - performance was worse when completing two different tasks simultaneously.

✔ Shallice and Warrington - KF - separate visual and auditory stores.

9

Give a disadvantage of the WMM.

Disadvantages:
❌ Reductionist - central executive may have separate stores - raises doubts about the accuracy of WMM.