DERM - Geriatric dermatology Flashcards Preview

Year 2 Specialty Medicine > DERM - Geriatric dermatology > Flashcards

Flashcards in DERM - Geriatric dermatology Deck (13):
1

how does the dermal-epidermal junction change with aging?

interdigitations between dermis and epidermis flatten:

- reduced contact
- decreased nutrient transfer
- increased skin fragility
- easy bruising

2

decreased lipids in the top skin layer with aging leads to:

- dryness and roughness
- decreased barrier function

3

dryness and roughness and decreased barrier function in aging is due to:

decreased lipids in top skin layer

4

what is the only agent shown to be effective in treating photodamage?

topical tretinoin

5

what is the appearance of seborrheic dermatitis?

erythema and greasy looking scales

6

diffuse erythema and erythematous papules and papulopustules seen on cheeks, forehead, chin

rosacea

7

what can be used for severe or refractory rosacea?

oral tretinoin

8

neurodermatitis is aka:

lichen simplex chronicus

9

moist erythema, maceration, and superficial erosion

intertrigo and candidiasis

10

bullous pemphigoid antibodies are against:

hemidesmosomes

11

what is the treatment of bullous pemphigoid?

- topical corticosteroid
- calcineurin inhibitor
- nicotinamide with tetracycline

12

cutaneous horns are derived from what skin layer?

epidermis

13

stasis dermatitis is an early sign of _________? what is it triggered by?

- chronic venous insufficiency of legs
- chronic venous HTN and incompetent valves