ENT - Nasal cavity Flashcards Preview

Year 2 Specialty Medicine > ENT - Nasal cavity > Flashcards

Flashcards in ENT - Nasal cavity Deck (15):
1

which turbinate is responsible for the main airway resistance in the nose?

inferior

2

what are the two types of nose bleeds? which is more common?

- anterior (more common)
- posterior

3

most anterior nose bleeds arise from ____________

Kiesselbach's plexus

4

what are the arteries involved in Kiesselbach's plexus?

- superior labial
- greater palatine
- anterior ethmoid
- posterior ethmoid
- sphenopalatine

5

what can you do for a slow or recurrent nose bleed?

silver nitrate

6

what can you do for active / rapid nose bleed?

topical Afrin

7

can silver nitrate be used for active rapid bleeding?

no

8

where does a JNA (vascular tumor) sit?

near the adenoids

9

what is the most common cause of paranosmia?

URI

10

what is the workup for altered smell?

- CT (paranasal pathology)
- MRI of brain (intracranial pathology)
- smell tests
- idiopathic

11

what is nasal vestibulitis? what is it related to?

- dry scabby anterior nose
- dry weather, nasal spray, manual irritation

12

what is the treatment for nasal vestibulitis?

mupirocin ointment

13

what is rhinitis medicamentosa?

addiction to topical decongestants

14

what is the culprit in rhinitis medicamentosa?

inferior turbinates

15

what are the alternative options for rhinitis medicamentosa?

- nasal steroids
- turbinoplasty